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Japanese futokoro
English the basic meaning is "bosom". in go the term refers to the space inside a surrounded group that is trying to live. this space may include enemy stones. it is nearly always used in the context of the proverb: "iki wa futokoro o hiroge yo" - to live, broaden your girth. (john fairbairn) capacity for territory

Japanese zettai

Japanese warui
Chinese huai4 (zhao1)
English weak move

Japanese tsuke koshi
tsuke_koshi.gifFrom left to right: Black likes to cut white's marked stones. Pushing and cutting (de-giri) gives black bad shape. Starting with tsuke koshi at 1 gives black good shape.
Chinese kua4 duan4
English the proper move to cut a knight jump ('keima')
Proverbs
Strike at the waist of the knight's move.

Japanese tsuke
tsuke.gifBlack 1, playing against white's position is 'tsuke'. There can be various reasons to play an attachment: 1. a ko threat 2. a ladder breaker 3. a leaning attack 4. to settle in enemy territory 5. to split enemy positions
Chinese peng4
English to attach to an enemy stone

Japanese kake tsugi
kake_tsugi.gifA (3,4) 'joseki' Black 1, defending against the cut at [a] is 'kake tsugi'
Chinese hu3
English hanging connection

Japanese teai
Chinese shou3 he2
English the conditions on which two players play each other, i.e. the handicap

Japanese tagai sen
Chinese hu4 xian1
English even --- alternating black and white

Japanese soto
Chinese wai4 bian1
English outside

Japanese shiro(i)
Chinese bai2
English white

Japanese shicho
shicho.gif(The continuation of the sequence shown under 'dango') White captures the black stones in shicho.
Chinese zheng1 chi2 zheng1 zi3
Korean chook
English ladder the chinese term gives one the feeling that you have grabbed a goat or ox by the horns and are trying to wrestle the animal to the ground, only to find yourself whipped about. the japanese term means "ladder" because for some reason they feel the shape of the stones suggests that shape, though it looks more like a stairway to me :-). (dr. roy schmidt)
Proverbs
If you don't know ladders, don't play go.
Each step in a ladder is worth 7 points.

Japanese seki
seki.gifThe two surrounded chains are 'seki'
Chinese shuang1 huo2
Korean bik
English a draw capturing race

Japanese semeai
Chinese dui4 sha1
English capturing race
Proverbs
If there is a ko inside a semeai, capture it on the final play.
The semeai where only one player has an eye is a fight over nothing.
One big eye kills one small eye.

Japanese sangen biraki
biraki3.gifBlack 1 forms a 'sangen biraki' shape. It's called 'sangen biraki' since there are three empty spaces between black's stones. Black's group has a weakness at "A". Circumstances will determine whether white will ever invade.
Chinese san1 jian4 chai1
English three point extension

Japanese niken biraki
biraki2.gifWhite 1 just attacked black's marked stone. With black 2 ('niken biraki') black gives this group some eye space. It's called 'niken biraki' since there are two empty spaces between black's stones.
Chinese chai1 er4
English two point extension

Japanese narabi
narabi.gifBlack 1 ('narabi') is a rarely played 'taisha joseki' continuation. The idea behind black 1 is that it makes "A" and "B" 'miai'.
Chinese chai1
English an extension from a single stone

Japanese mukai komoku
mukai_komoku.gifThe two black komoku stones are "facing" each other
Chinese xiang4 xiao3 mu4
English facing komoku stones

Japanese mokuhazushi
mokuhazushi.gifThe points [a] and [b] are 'mokuhazushi'.
Chinese mu4 wai4
English (3,5) point in the corner emphasis on quick outside development, not on corner profit usually intended to expand along the side

Japanese mochi komi
Chinese da3 ru4 shi1 bai4
English failed invasion loss without compensation

Japanese me ari me nashi
Chinese you3 yan3 sha1 xia1 ("one eye kills blind")
English only one side has an eye
Proverbs
The semeai where only one player has an eye is a fight over nothing.

Japanese miai
Chinese jian4 he2
English mutual exchangeable two points which accomplish the same value; if deprived of one, the other must be played. also used in a more general way: "it's miai to connect or to make eyes"

Japanese kosumi
kosumi.gifBlack 1 would form the kosumi shape.
Chinese xiao3 jian1
Korean ku-ja ma-nul-mo
English diagonal move
Proverbs
Answer the keima with a kosumi.
The strong player plays straight, the weak diagonally.

Japanese ko date
Chinese jie2 cai2
English ko treat

Japanese ko
ko.gifThe ko shape
Chinese jie2
English repeating fight for one stone
Proverbs
Dead group? Always win ko fights!
If there is a ko inside a semeai, capture it on the final play.
Win the early ko to win the game.
The weak player fears ko, the strong player seeks it. -- Bill Taylor

Japanese kiai
Chinese gan3 dou4 jing1 shen2
English "fighting spirit" (not quite)

Japanese kikashi
kikashi.gifOn the left: A (4,4) joseki, black [a] next is 'kikashi' (white [b], black [c] and white [d] will follow). On the right: A (5,4) joseki, black [e] next is 'kikashi' (white will connect with [f]).
Chinese bi1 zhao1
English a forcing move usually made outside the main flow of play. often answered, then ignored; to be used later in the game
Proverbs
Grab the shape points as kikashi.

Japanese karai
English sharp (clear) move

Japanese kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in)
Chinese guan1-xi1 qi2-yuan4
English one of the two japanese go associations. the kansai ki-in is in the kansai district, established in osaka.

Japanese ikken tobi
ikken_tobi.gifThe ikken tobi shape
Chinese yi1 jian4 tiao4
English one-point jump
Proverbs
The strong player plays straight, the weak diagonally.
Ikken tobi is never wrong.
Use the Knight's move to attack, the 1-point jump to defend.

Japanese haya go
Chinese kuai4 qi2
Korean sok-ki
English lightning go

Japanese hana zuke
Chinese ding3
English playing on top of an enemy chain

Japanese hai
Chinese pa2
English crawl

Japanese fuseki
Chinese bu4 ju2, kai1 ju2
Korean posuk
English opening
Proverbs
Keep sente in the opening. A premature attack loses sente.
Corner, side, centre.

Japanese boshi
boshi.gifCho Chikun - Otake Hideo, 7th Meijin title, 29 & 30 September 1982 White attacked black with: 1 (boshi), 2, and 3 (again boshi).
Chinese zhen4
Korean mo-ja-seu-wum
English playing on top of an enemy stone (a capping move)
Proverbs
If your stone is capped, play the knight's move.

Japanese biraki hiraki
hiraki.gifWhite [a]-[f] are all biraki/hiraki of the white stone A sensible choice between these moves will be affected by the right side situation
Chinese chai1
English extension

Japanese bane hane
hane.gifWe are in the middle of a 'komoku joseki' (black to move) Black can raise his low position by playing at 1 ('hane')
Chinese ban1
English a move on top of an enemy chain
Proverbs
Hane? Extend! Make it a habit.
There is death in the hane.
At the head of two stones in a row, play hane.
At the head of three stones in a row, play hane.

Japanese amaii gatachi
English seems a success (but isn't)

Japanese aji warui
English shape which contains weaknesses

Japanese aji karai
Chinese wu2 er4 wei4
English shape free of weaknesses

Japanese ai
Chinese bai2
Korean baek
English white

Japanese yowai

Japanese uttegae uttegaeshi
uttegaeshi.gifWhite 1 is uttegaeshi, when black captures this stone white captures three stones by playing again at 1.
Chinese dao4 pu1
English snapback a sacrifice manoeuvre

Japanese tsuki atari
tsuke_atari.gifBlack a is an example of 'tsuki atari'.
Chinese ding3 tie1 chang2
English thrusting against to extend against an enemy stone

Japanese tsuke nobi joseki
tsuke_nobi_joseki.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'tsuke nobi'. In this case the combination initiates the 'tsuke nobi joseki'.
Chinese kao4 ya1 ding4 shi4
English 4-4 point joseki where you attach against the knight's move approach and extend when they hane

Japanese tenkai
Chinese zhan3 kai1
English extension (see hiraki)

Japanese teire
Chinese bu3, xiu1 bu3
English repair

Japanese taisha
taisha.gifWhite 1 initiates the 'taisha joseki'.
Chinese da4 xie2 (ding4 shi4)
English big, name of a joseki

Japanese taisha joseki
taisha_joseki.gifWhite 1 initiates the 'taisha joseki'. (The most complicated variations in this joseki start with 2 through 5).
Chinese da4 xie2 ding4 shi4
English joseki, famous and feared for the amount of variations

Japanese taikyoku
Chinese dui4 ju2
English match, game

Japanese shippai
Chinese shi1 bai4
English failure

Japanese shin fuseki
shin_fuseki.gifA 'shin fuseki' pattern by Go Seigen (against Honinbo Shusai, 1933) White won this game by 2 points.
Chinese xin1 bu4 ju2
English "new fuseki", based on 4-4 points stressing centre. pioneered by go seigen and kitani minoru.

Japanese seri ai
Chinese jing4 zheng1
English dead heat (close competition)

Japanese sen ai sen
Chinese xian1 xiang4 xian1
English black-black-white (the handicap for a 1-dan difference)

Japanese seikai
Chinese zheng4 jie3
English correct answer

Japanese ryoyoku
ryoyoku.gifThis shape, consisting of a 'keima shimari' plus two extensions is considered a special case of 'ryoyoku' called 'kakuyoku' (cranebird wings).
Chinese liang3 yi4 (zhang1 kai1)
English a double wing

Japanese ryo atari
Chinese shuang1 da3, shuang1 jiao4 chi1
English double 'atari', a move which places two (or more) enemy chains in check

Japanese ogeima shimari ogeima zimari
ogeima_shimari.gifThe ogeima shimari is a light structure: A white stone at [a] for example is aiming at [b] next. A white stone at [c] would enable a follow up at [d] or [e].
Chinese dai4 fei1 shou3 jiao3
English the (3,4) and (6,3) points; loosley holds corner

Japanese ogeima kakari ogeima gakari
ogeima_kakari.gifWhite [a] is a 'ogeima gakari'
Chinese dai4 fei1 gua4 jiao3
English large knight's move approach to 3-4 stone

Japanese nigiri
Chinese chai1 xian1
English draw the colors of the players before the game

Japanese kogeima shimari kogeima zimari
kogeima_shimari.gifThe kogeima shimari has a weakness at (5,5) in the centre: A white stone at 1 is aiming at the attachments at either [a] or [b].
Chinese xiao3 fei1 shou3 jiao3
English (small knight's enclosure) the 3-4 and 5-3 points, strong towards the corner; weak to the center. the 5-5 (high-point) is a weakness

Japanese kiki (noun) kiku (verb)
kiki.gifWhite [a] is white's privilege ('kiki'), black has to defend at [b]. Because of [a] white can aim at either [c] or [d].
Chinese quan2 li4 (yi4 fang1)
English one side privilege

Japanese keima watari
keima_watari.gifWhite 1 is 'keima watari' (if black [a], white [b] maintains the connection)
Chinese fei1 du4
English knight-move bridge-underneath tesuji, connects seemingly isolated stones

Japanese kame no ko no shippo tsuki
kame_no_ko_no_shippo_tsuki.gifThe shape resembles a tortoise shell with a tail
English a tortoise shell with a tail

Japanese jitsuri
jitsuri.gifWhite has 'gaisei', black has 'jitsuri'
Chinese shi2 li4
English visible territory/points (see 'gaisei')

Japanese jidori go
Chinese zheng1 di4 (shuang1 fang1)
English both players are territorily aimed

Japanese isoganai
Chinese bu4 ji2
English not urgent

Japanese ippoji
Chinese yi1 kuai4 di4 (er2 yi3 :-)
English one and only one large territory

Japanese ikken shimari ikken zimari
ikken_shimari.gifThis 'ikken shimari' is weak along the lower edge: When white has a stone at "A" he can aim at either "B" or "C".
Chinese yi1 jian4 shou3 (xiao3 mu4) jiao3
English the 3-4 and 5-4 points strong to the center, rather weak along the edge due to (7,3).

Japanese hiraki zume
hiraki_zume.gifWhite 1 is 'hirake zume', both an extension of the white position on the left and an opposition of the marked black stone.
Chinese chai1 bi1
English extension + opposition

Japanese guru guru mawashi
guru_guru_mawashi.gifWhat will happen after white "A"? Continuation: see 'dango'. Final result: see 'shicho'.
Chinese lian2 huan2 zheng1 zi3
Korean dol-dol mal-ri-da
English capturing an enemy chain using the following combination of techniques: 1. stone sacrifice(s) 2. squeeze 3. ladder during this chasing process the enemy chain typically gets heavy in the process.

Japanese gaisei
gaisei.gifWhite has 'gaisei', black has 'jitsuri'
Chinese wai4 shi4
English influence (see 'jitsuri')

Japanese butsukari
butsukari.gifBlack just played the marked stone, aiming [a]. White [b], defending against this threat, is 'butsukari'.
Chinese ding3
Korean boo-dit-chi-da
English to thrust against an enemy stone

Japanese ashibaya
Chinese zou3 de kuai4
English quick movement

Japanese ashi ga hayai
ashi_ga_hayai.gifA typical 'ashi ga hayai' opening movement.
English one can run quickly

Japanese amai
Chinese huan3
Korean moo-reu-da
English 'sweet', not severe enough

Japanese ajiwai ga aru
English tasteful

Japanese aji waru
Chinese e4 wei4, huai4 wei4
English bad 'aji' (potential)

Japanese amashi
English a strategy for white in no-'komi' games in which he lets the opponent take good points but as compensation takes territory, aiming to 'outlast' the opponent

Japanese choushi
English rhythm; pros and future pros seem to have good 'choushi' instinctively. it is, in its effect, rather like good timing in the sense that top pros in physical sports always seem to have more time to do whatever they're doing on the ball. it is a good candidate for those words that some people argue are better off borrowed straight from japanese. (john fairbairn)

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Quick index

a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
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