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Japanese aji warui
English shape which contains weaknesses

Japanese aji ga ii
Chinese hao3 wei4
English good aji (no weaknesses)

Japanese aji keshi
aji_keshi.gifA well known position after white invaded hoshi Exchanging black 1 (forcing white 2) is aji keshi since black will loose the option to play [a] (threatening 2)
Chinese xiao1 yu2 wei4
English spoiling possibilities

Japanese aji karai
Chinese wu2 er4 wei4
English shape free of weaknesses

Japanese aji
Chinese yu2 wei4; jie4 yong4
Korean mat
English possibilities, potential

Japanese usu aji

Japanese aya
English some possibilities (somehow like 'aji' but used differently)

Japanese atsui
Chinese hou4, hou4 shi2
Korean doo-teo-um
English thick, no 'aji' left strong formation of stones facing the center or facing along a side

Japanese ajiwai ga aru
English tasteful

Japanese aji nokori
Chinese liu2 you3 yu2 wei4
Korean mat-i nam-da
English 'aji' (potential) left

Japanese aji ga warui
Chinese you3 e4 wei4
Korean mat-i na-bbeu-da
English there is bad 'aji' (potential) in the position.

Japanese aji ga aru
aji_ga_aru.gifBlack has an impressive potential in the lower part of the board. While thinking about the best way to reduce it, white will realise that he has aji at [a] (to live), and [b] (invasion).
Chinese you3 (yu2) wei4
Korean mat-i it-da
English there is some 'aji' (potential) in the situation.

Japanese aji waru
Chinese e4 wei4, huai4 wei4
English bad 'aji' (potential)

Japanese magari shimoku
magari_shimoku.gifNormally four points in a row form two eyes, except in the corner. The left white group can be killed with A (black B for ko). The right white group is dead since black can create a bend-four anytime. According to Japanese rules the right white group thus is dead.
English bend four in the corner. usually dead shape except under special circumstances.

Japanese yose
Chinese guan1 zi3
Korean ggut-nae-ki
English endgame

Japanese uchi magari
uchimagari.gifBlack 1 bends around white's stones towards the edge.
Chinese qu3 jing4
English to bend around inward

Japanese tsuke
tsuke.gifBlack 1, playing against white's position is 'tsuke'. There can be various reasons to play an attachment: 1. a ko threat 2. a ladder breaker 3. a leaning attack 4. to settle in enemy territory 5. to split enemy positions
Chinese peng4
English to attach to an enemy stone

Japanese kake tsugi
kake_tsugi.gifA (3,4) 'joseki' Black 1, defending against the cut at [a] is 'kake tsugi'
Chinese hu3
English hanging connection

Japanese tobi magari
English a jump orthogonal on the previous direction of motion

Japanese takamoku
takamoku.gifThe points [a] and [b] are 'takamoku'
Chinese gao1 mu4
English (4,5) point in the corner, emphasis on center

Japanese taka
Chinese gao1
English high

Japanese tagai sen
Chinese hu4 xian1
English even --- alternating black and white

Japanese sagari
Chinese xia4 li4
English extending downward

Japanese niken taka basami
niken_taka_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] is 'niken taka basami'.
Chinese er4 jian4 gao1 jia2
Korean du-kan-nop-eun-hyup-gong
English two point high pincer

Japanese magari tsuke

Japanese magari
magari.gifBlack 1 bends around white's stones.
Chinese qu3
English bend around

Japanese korigatachi
English over-concentrated shape

Japanese ko
ko.gifThe ko shape
Chinese jie2
English repeating fight for one stone
Proverbs
Dead group? Always win ko fights!
If there is a ko inside a semeai, capture it on the final play.
Win the early ko to win the game.
The weak player fears ko, the strong player seeks it. -- Bill Taylor

Japanese kiri chigae
kiri_chigae.gifThe 'kiri chigae' shape
Chinese niu3 duan4
English cross-cut

Japanese kiai
Chinese gan3 dou4 jing1 shen2
English "fighting spirit" (not quite)

Japanese kikashi
kikashi.gifOn the left: A (4,4) joseki, black [a] next is 'kikashi' (white [b], black [c] and white [d] will follow). On the right: A (5,4) joseki, black [e] next is 'kikashi' (white will connect with [f]).
Chinese bi1 zhao1
English a forcing move usually made outside the main flow of play. often answered, then ignored; to be used later in the game
Proverbs
Grab the shape points as kikashi.

Japanese jingasa
Chinese dou3 li4 (yu2 xing2)
English massif pyramide shape

Japanese ji
Chinese shi2 di4
Korean zip
English territory
Proverbs
Always remember, keep the balance (between territory and influence) -- Figaro

Japanese ikken taka basami
ikken_taka_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] are 'ikken taka basami'
Chinese yi1 jian1 gao1 jia2
English one-point high pincer

Japanese kakari gakari
kakari.gifBlack [a]-[d] are all 'kakari' (or 'gakari')
Chinese gua4 jiao3
Korean gulchim
English corner approach

Japanese choshi ga ii
choshi_ga_ii.gifWhite (Go Seigen) to play. White actually wants to extend along the right edge. By first forcing with 1 through 5, the extension 7 becomes more natural, part of the "flow of moves".
Chinese hao3 jie2 zou4, hao3 diao4 zi
English natural flow of moves

Japanese chuban
Chinese zhong1 pan2
Korean jungban
English middle game

Japanese boshi
boshi.gifCho Chikun - Otake Hideo, 7th Meijin title, 29 & 30 September 1982 White attacked black with: 1 (boshi), 2, and 3 (again boshi).
Chinese zhen4
Korean mo-ja-seu-wum
English playing on top of an enemy stone (a capping move)
Proverbs
If your stone is capped, play the knight's move.

Japanese atsumi
Chinese hou4 shi4
English thickness strong formation of stones facing the center or facing along a side
Proverbs
Keep away from thickness.
Don't make territory near thickness.
Use a wall to attack, not to make territory.
When your opponent is thick, you must also become thick. -- Otake Hideo, 9 dan pro
There is a thin line between thick and slow. -- jansteen.
Always remember, keep the balance (between territory and influence) -- Figaro

Japanese ate atari
ate.gifBlack 1 gives atari. The white stone now is in atari.
Chinese jiao4 chi1
English check
Proverbs
Atari, atari is vulgar play.
Keep inessential ataris till the end.

Japanese amaii gatachi
English seems a success (but isn't)

Japanese uttegae uttegaeshi
uttegaeshi.gifWhite 1 is uttegaeshi, when black captures this stone white captures three stones by playing again at 1.
Chinese dao4 pu1
English snapback a sacrifice manoeuvre

Japanese uchikomu
Chinese 1. da3 ru4 2. da3 ru4 (jiang4 ji2)
English 1. to invade 2. to force an opponent to take a handicap (or force him to a higher handicap) by taking a lead of four games (six games at the beginning of the edo period)

Japanese uchikake
Chinese da3 gua4
English suspending play during a game (it was white's privilege to suspend play on his move)

Japanese tsuki atari
tsuke_atari.gifBlack a is an example of 'tsuki atari'.
Chinese ding3 tie1 chang2
English thrusting against to extend against an enemy stone

Japanese tsuke nobi joseki
tsuke_nobi_joseki.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'tsuke nobi'. In this case the combination initiates the 'tsuke nobi joseki'.
Chinese kao4 ya1 ding4 shi4
English 4-4 point joseki where you attach against the knight's move approach and extend when they hane

Japanese tedomari
English the last meaningful point in the fuseki or in the endgame

Japanese takamoku joseki
takamoku_joseki.gifBlack 1, white 2 initiates a typical 'takamoku joseki'.
Chinese gao1 mu4 ding4 shi4
English joseki following from an initial stone at the 4-5 point

Japanese taikyoku
Chinese dui4 ju2
English match, game

Japanese soto magari
sotomagari.gifBlack 1 bends around white's stones towards the center.
English to bend around outward

Japanese shusaku fuseki
shusaku_fuseki.gifThe 'shusaku fuseki' pattern. Black 7 would be considered too slow nowadays (since white receives compensation for the fact that black started the game, usually 5 1/2 point). A modern professional would play around [a].
Chinese xiu4 ce4 liu2 (bu4 ju2)
English fuseki strategy for black based on 3 3-4 points.

Japanese shin fuseki
shin_fuseki.gifA 'shin fuseki' pattern by Go Seigen (against Honinbo Shusai, 1933) White won this game by 2 points.
Chinese xin1 bu4 ju2
English "new fuseki", based on 4-4 points stressing centre. pioneered by go seigen and kitani minoru.

Japanese sen ni sen
Chinese xian1 er4 xian1
English alternating black-two stones, with this game on black

Japanese ozaru suberi
ozaru_suberi.gifWhite 1 reduces the black territory by jumping in with a large knight jump ('o-keima').
Chinese da4 fei1 tiao4
English big monkey jump, typical endgame move

Japanese saru suberi
saru_suberi.gifWhite 1 reduces the black territory by jumping in with a knight jump ('keima').
Chinese xiao3 fei1 diao4
English monkey jump, typical endgame move

Japanese san ko
Chinese san1 jie2 lian2 huan2
English triple 'ko' (causes annulment of game in japanese rules)

Japanese sanba garasu
sanba_garasu.gifWhite 1 through 3 form the 'sanba garasu' corner enclosure.
Chinese san1 yu3 niao3, san1 yu3 wu1 ya1
English three crows, a corner enclosure consisting of three diagonal moves

Japanese ryo sente
ryo_sente.gifBoth black [a] or white [b] is 'sente', so the situation is 'ryo sente'
Chinese shuang1 fan1 xian1 shou3
English double sente, an (endgame) situation which is sente for both players

Japanese ryo gakari (ryo+kakari)
ryo_kakari.gifA ryo gakari consisting of a 'keima gakari' at (f,3) and an 'ikken takagakari' at (d,6)
Chinese shuang1 gua4 jiao3
English a double corner approach

Japanese ryo gote
ryo_gote.gifBoth black [a] or white [b] is 'gote', so the situation is 'ryo gote'
Chinese shuang3 fang1 hou4 shou3
English double gote, an (endgame) situation which is gote for both players

Japanese rengo
Chinese lian2 qi2
Korean yeonki
English a team game (the players in each team take turns without consulting each other)

Japanese oshi tsubushi
oshi_tsubushi.gifWhite's group is alive since black can not connect the two stones at [a] (due to the suicide rule)
Chinese zhang4 si3 niu2 (a full-stomached cow :-)
English making eye shape by using shortage of liberties to prevent the opponent connecting to make a dead (nakade) shape
WWWoshi tsubushi

Japanese ori kiri (noun) ori kiru (verb) sagari kiri (noun) sagari kiru (verb)
ori_kiri.gifWhite 1 is 'ori kiru'. Actually, in this situation it also kills the black group, but please note that this is not the essence of this kind of move.
Chinese xia4 li4
English a descending move while finishing the shape

Japanese ogeima kakari ogeima gakari
ogeima_kakari.gifWhite [a] is a 'ogeima gakari'
Chinese dai4 fei1 gua4 jiao3
English large knight's move approach to 3-4 stone

Japanese ogeima kake ogeima gake
ogeima_kake.gifWhite 1 combines the large knight jump ('ogeima') and a cover ('kake').
English a move which combines the large knight jump with a "cover"

Japanese nigiri
Chinese chai1 xian1
English draw the colors of the players before the game

Japanese keima gakari (keima+kakari)
keima_kakari.gifWhite 1 is a 'keima gakari'.
Chinese xiao3 fei1 gua4 (xiao3 mu4) jiao3
English knight's move approach to a 3-4 stone.

Japanese kansho
Chinese guan1 shang3
English "enjoying art"; the pleasure perceived when watching a beautiful go game

Japanese kadoban
English a game which could lead to a change in handicap or the loss of a series

Japanese sanjubango
Chinese san1 shi2 fan1 qi2
English a thirty-game match

Japanese nijubango
Chinese er2 shi2 fan1 qi2
English a twenty-game match

Japanese jubango
Chinese shi2 fan1 qi2
English a ten-game match

Japanese josen
Chinese chang2 xian1
English black in all games (the handicap for a 2-dan difference)

Japanese jitsuri
jitsuri.gifWhite has 'gaisei', black has 'jitsuri'
Chinese shi2 li4
English visible territory/points (see 'gaisei')

Japanese jingasa nakade
jingasa_nakade.gifThe black group is dead when white plays "A"
Chinese ding1 si4
English dead shape with 4 spaces shaped like a pyramid

Japanese jigo
Chinese he2 ju2
English tie or drawn game

Japanese isoganai
Chinese bu4 ji2
English not urgent

Japanese ikken takagakari
ikken_takagakari.gifWhite 1 is 'ikken takagakari'.
Chinese yi1 jian4 di4 (xiao3 mu4) jiao3
English one point high approach move to 3-4 point stone

Japanese igo
Chinese wei2 qi2
English the game of go

Japanese horikomi hori komi
Chinese pu1, pu1 jing4
English throw in, a single stone played as a sacrifice (for exmaples please refer to 'oi otoshi' or 'uttegaeshi')

Japanese guzumi
guzumi.gifMany empty diagrams in this example, but the one made by whites last move at j6 is 'guzumi'.
Korean bin-sam-gak-eo myo-soo
English an efficient (and thus acceptable) empty triangle (see 'aki san kaku')

Japanese gyaku yose
Chinese ni4 xian1 shou3
Korean him-deun jong-ban-jeon
English reverse 'sente' ('gote' endgame play where opponent would be 'sente')

Japanese gozen go
Chinese yu4 qi2 (yu4 for emperial)
Korean soo-seup
English to play a game of go in front of an emperor (during the edo era)

Japanese gacchiri
Chinese yan2 shi2
Korean teun-ten-han mo-yang
English solid

Japanese gambaru
Korean beo-ti-da
English fighting spirit

Japanese gaisei
gaisei.gifWhite has 'gaisei', black has 'jitsuri'
Chinese wai4 shi4
English influence (see 'jitsuri')

Japanese chosei
chosei.gifImagine the following sequence of moves: (1) Black plays "A", threatening to kill white by playing "B", (2) White defends by playing at "B" himself, (3) Black captures those two white stones, (4) White recaptures at (d,1). This sequence would give exactly the same position we had before, making this position 'chosei'. This game would become 'no result' according to the "Japanese rules of Go".
Chinese chang2 sheng1
Korean wan-saeng
English eternal life, part of the rules of japanese go
WWWchosei

Japanese butsukari
butsukari.gifBlack just played the marked stone, aiming [a]. White [b], defending against this threat, is 'butsukari'.
Chinese ding3
Korean boo-dit-chi-da
English to thrust against an enemy stone

Japanese bango
Chinese fan1 qi2 (shi2 fan1 qi2, qi1 fan1 qi2, etc.)
English match consisting of a set number of games

Japanese atama ga dete iru
Korean meo-ri-reul nae-mil-da

Japanese ashi ga hayai
ashi_ga_hayai.gifA typical 'ashi ga hayai' opening movement.
English one can run quickly

Japanese amari gatachi
English play where one feels he has made good moves, when in fact he has accomplished little

Japanese amashi
English a strategy for white in no-'komi' games in which he lets the opponent take good points but as compensation takes territory, aiming to 'outlast' the opponent

Japanese aki sankaku
aki_sankaku.gifThe three black stones form an empty triangle (Since there is no stone at [a])
Chinese yu2 san jiao3
Korean bin sam gak
English (empty triangle) shape of the three stones. generally bad shape (see 'guzumi')

Japanese warui
Chinese huai4 (zhao1)
English weak move

Japanese osamari (noun) osamaru (verb)
English being settled (by having eye shape)

Japanese karui katachi
Chinese qing1 ling2 zhi xing2
English light shape

Japanese karui
Chinese qing1
English light, i.e. stones with light, flexible shape which can easily be looked after, or stones which have served their purpose and can be discarded without ill effects

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a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
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