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Japanese yongen biraki
biraki4.gifBlack 1 forms a 'yongen biraki' shape. It's called 'yongen biraki' since there are four empty spaces between black's stones.
English four point extension

Japanese sangen biraki
biraki3.gifBlack 1 forms a 'sangen biraki' shape. It's called 'sangen biraki' since there are three empty spaces between black's stones. Black's group has a weakness at "A". Circumstances will determine whether white will ever invade.
Chinese san1 jian4 chai1
English three point extension

Japanese sabaki
Chinese shan3 dian4 zhan4 shu4 ("lightning strategy")
English flexible shape quick development, technique using light shape for settling a group

Japanese niken biraki
biraki2.gifWhite 1 just attacked black's marked stone. With black 2 ('niken biraki') black gives this group some eye space. It's called 'niken biraki' since there are two empty spaces between black's stones.
Chinese chai1 er4
English two point extension

Japanese joseki
Chinese ding4 shi2 ding4 shi4
Korean jungsuk
English (established stones) standardized local exchange of moves known sequences of moves often near the corner which result in a near equal position for both sides
Proverbs
When you study joseki, you lose two stones in strength.
A meijin needs no joseki.
Go is essentially a form of harmony. Go in the 21st century will have to be go of the 'harmony of the six points - the four quarters, the above and the below.' As in life we will need to view the whole rather than the part. Japanese go has focused too heavily on the local (joseki) rather than the whole for 300 years. The reason the Chinese and Koreans are overtaking the Japanese is that they are closer to achieving this whole-board view. --- Go Seigen, 9 dan pro, 1994.

Japanese biraki hiraki
hiraki.gifWhite [a]-[f] are all biraki/hiraki of the white stone A sensible choice between these moves will be affected by the right side situation
Chinese chai1
English extension

Japanese uchikomu
Chinese 1. da3 ru4 2. da3 ru4 (jiang4 ji2)
English 1. to invade 2. to force an opponent to take a handicap (or force him to a higher handicap) by taking a lead of four games (six games at the beginning of the edo period)

Japanese tenkai
Chinese zhan3 kai1
English extension (see hiraki)

Japanese susoaki
suosuaki.gifBlack's position is open to a white play at 1. Therefore extensions along the bottom are not so valuable for black.
Chinese bian1 shang4 lou4 feng1
English open at the edge. (makes an area low value as it is hard to surround)

Japanese saki
Chinese di4 yi1 shou3
English first move

Japanese oshi tsubushi
oshi_tsubushi.gifWhite's group is alive since black can not connect the two stones at [a] (due to the suicide rule)
Chinese zhang4 si3 niu2 (a full-stomached cow :-)
English making eye shape by using shortage of liberties to prevent the opponent connecting to make a dead (nakade) shape
WWWoshi tsubushi

Japanese hiraki zume
hiraki_zume.gifWhite 1 is 'hirake zume', both an extension of the white position on the left and an opposition of the marked black stone.
Chinese chai1 bi1
English extension + opposition

Japanese guzumi
guzumi.gifMany empty diagrams in this example, but the one made by whites last move at j6 is 'guzumi'.
Korean bin-sam-gak-eo myo-soo
English an efficient (and thus acceptable) empty triangle (see 'aki san kaku')

Japanese goken biraki
biraki5.gifBlack 1 forms a 'goken biraki' shape. It's called 'goken biraki' since there are five empty spaces between black's stones.
English five point extension

Japanese chosei
chosei.gifImagine the following sequence of moves: (1) Black plays "A", threatening to kill white by playing "B", (2) White defends by playing at "B" himself, (3) Black captures those two white stones, (4) White recaptures at (d,1). This sequence would give exactly the same position we had before, making this position 'chosei'. This game would become 'no result' according to the "Japanese rules of Go".
Chinese chang2 sheng1
Korean wan-saeng
English eternal life, part of the rules of japanese go
WWWchosei

Japanese aki sankaku
aki_sankaku.gifThe three black stones form an empty triangle (Since there is no stone at [a])
Chinese yu2 san jiao3
Korean bin sam gak
English (empty triangle) shape of the three stones. generally bad shape (see 'guzumi')

Japanese sankaku
Chinese san1 jiao3, san1 jiao3 xing2
English triangle

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a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
About Intergo

InterGo is a nine-language Go dictionary. This project has had many participants over the years. Fetch the latest version of intergo.tgz (or intergo.zip) and please read the README file for details on how you can participate in this project.

Finally, if you're looking for translations of Japanese Go terms please try the Japanese Go Dictionary.

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