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Japanese tenuki
Chinese tuo1 xian1; shou3 ba2
Korean son-pae-ki
English play elsewhere
Proverbs
With less than 15 stones in danger, tenuki.

Japanese shimari
shimari.gifAn example of a shimari: the keima shimari Black [a] instead would have formed the ikken-shimari.
Chinese di4 jiao3; shou3 jiao3
English corner enclosure
Proverbs
5 lines for extension in front of shimari -- Yang Yilun, 7 dan pro.
In the opening, when you don't know what to play, make a shimari. -- jansteen.

Japanese shicho
shicho.gif(The continuation of the sequence shown under 'dango') White captures the black stones in shicho.
Chinese zheng1 chi2 zheng1 zi3
Korean chook
English ladder the chinese term gives one the feeling that you have grabbed a goat or ox by the horns and are trying to wrestle the animal to the ground, only to find yourself whipped about. the japanese term means "ladder" because for some reason they feel the shape of the stones suggests that shape, though it looks more like a stairway to me :-). (dr. roy schmidt)
Proverbs
If you don't know ladders, don't play go.
Each step in a ladder is worth 7 points.

Japanese osae
Chinese dang3
English to block

Japanese nidan bane (nidan+hane)
Chinese lian2 ban1
English two-step hane

Japanese moyo
Chinese muo2 yang4
English territorial framework
Proverbs
Grab the border point between two moyos.
To reduce an opponent's large prospective territory, strike at the shoulder.
In opponents' sphere of influence, avoid sharp conflict, don't move too deep -- Otake Hideo, 9 dan pro

Japanese keshi
keshi.gifWhite's bottom moyo has weak points at [a] (keshi), [b] and [c]
Chinese xiao1, qian3 xiao1
English erasing move
Proverbs
Keshi is worth as much as an invasion!
Be a little patient. Keshi works!
To invade, need 20 points in open area; otherwise, keshi is best. -- Yang Yilun, 7 dan pro.

Japanese judan
Chinese shi2 duan4
English japanese top title

Japanese joseki
Chinese ding4 shi2 ding4 shi4
Korean jungsuk
English (established stones) standardized local exchange of moves known sequences of moves often near the corner which result in a near equal position for both sides
Proverbs
When you study joseki, you lose two stones in strength.
A meijin needs no joseki.
Go is essentially a form of harmony. Go in the 21st century will have to be go of the 'harmony of the six points - the four quarters, the above and the below.' As in life we will need to view the whole rather than the part. Japanese go has focused too heavily on the local (joseki) rather than the whole for 300 years. The reason the Chinese and Koreans are overtaking the Japanese is that they are closer to achieving this whole-board view. --- Go Seigen, 9 dan pro, 1994.

Japanese ippon michi
Chinese dan1 xing2 dao4 (bi4 ran2 ci4 xu4)
English one-way street, i.e. a forced sequence

Japanese dango
dango.gifThe 11 stone black group only have two liberties, a typical 'dango' shape. White [a] next will continue the attack. Initial moves: see 'guru guru mawashi' Final result: see 'shicho'
Chinese yi4 tuan2 (yu1 xing2)
English a solid mass of stones; a very inefficient shape
Proverbs
Don't make dangos.

Japanese dan
Chinese duan4
English grade

Japanese dame
Chinese kong4 mu4; dan1 guan1
English a neutral point, territory for neither; a liberty
Proverbs
Don't play on dame points, but guarantee connections.
For rectangular six in the corner, dame is necessary.
For the comb formation in the corner, dame is necessary.

Japanese atsumi
Chinese hou4 shi4
English thickness strong formation of stones facing the center or facing along a side
Proverbs
Keep away from thickness.
Don't make territory near thickness.
Use a wall to attack, not to make territory.
When your opponent is thick, you must also become thick. -- Otake Hideo, 9 dan pro
There is a thin line between thick and slow. -- jansteen.
Always remember, keep the balance (between territory and influence) -- Figaro

Japanese yodan yondan
Chinese si4 duan4
English 4 dan

Japanese tsuke osae
tsuke_osae.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'tsuke osae'
Chinese peng4 dang3
English attach and block. used in 4-4 point joseki to take the corner.

Japanese shodan
Chinese yi1 duan4
English 1 dan

Japanese sen ni
Chinese xian1 er4
English alternating between black and two stones (the handicap for a four-dan difference)

Japanese sen ai sen
Chinese xian1 xiang4 xian1
English black-black-white (the handicap for a 1-dan difference)

Japanese sandan
Chinese san1 duan4
English 3 dan (or 3 step)

Japanese osae komi
osae_komi.gifWhite 1 is 'osae komi'.
Chinese dang3
English to stop the opponent from moving outward

Japanese nidan osae
nidan_osae.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is 'nidan osae'.
Chinese lian2 ban1
English a two-step block ('osae')

Japanese nidan
Chinese er4 duan4
English 2 dan

Japanese kimeuchi
Chinese ding4 xing2
English settling (freezing) the shape kobayashi koichi 9 dan, tends to play 'kimeuchi'

Japanese kidanme

Japanese jun-meijin
Chinese zun3 ming2 ren2
English 'quasi-meijin', 8th dan, almost meijin strength achieved

Japanese jozu
English 7th dan (literally 'skillful')

Japanese josen
Chinese chang2 xian1
English black in all games (the handicap for a 2-dan difference)

Japanese hana yori dango
Korean sil-sok-eul cha-ri-da
English old japanese saying meaning something like: "fame is nice but cash might be better" ('hana' = flower, 'dango' = 'japanese sweet' and 'yori' = 'than')

Japanese guru guru mawashi
guru_guru_mawashi.gifWhat will happen after white "A"? Continuation: see 'dango'. Final result: see 'shicho'.
Chinese lian2 huan2 zheng1 zi3
Korean dol-dol mal-ri-da
English capturing an enemy chain using the following combination of techniques: 1. stone sacrifice(s) 2. squeeze 3. ladder during this chasing process the enemy chain typically gets heavy in the process.

Japanese bata bata tesuji
Chinese gun3 da3 bao1 shou1
Korean heol-reong-han soo-dan
English slang for 'oi-otoshi'

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a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
About Intergo

InterGo is a nine-language Go dictionary. This project has had many participants over the years. Fetch the latest version of intergo.tgz (or intergo.zip) and please read the README file for details on how you can participate in this project.

Finally, if you're looking for translations of Japanese Go terms please try the Japanese Go Dictionary.

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