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Japanese tsume go
tsume_go.gifBlack to play and live (see 'ishi no shita')
Chinese si3 huo4 ti2
English life and dead problem
Proverbs
On the second line six die, eight live.
On the third line, four die, six live.
In the corner, five stones in a row on the third line are alive.
Six eyes in a rectangle are alive.
For rectangular six in the corner, dame is necessary.
The comb formation is alive.
For the comb formation in the corner, dame is necessary.
The carpenter's square becomes ko.
If there is no stone on the handicap point, the carpenter's square is dead.
There is death in the hane.
Strange things happen at the one-two points.
The L group is dead.

Japanese tane-ishi
Chinese qi2 jin1
English the pivotal stone(s)

Japanese ishi no shita
ishi_no_shita.gifBlack to play and live (white 6 at 4, white 8 at 2, black 9 above 5 (ishi no shita))
Chinese dao4 tuo1 xue1
English (under the stones) name of a tesuji (see tsume go)
Proverbs
Learn to play under the stones.

Japanese uki ishi

Japanese ori kiri (noun) ori kiru (verb) sagari kiri (noun) sagari kiru (verb)
ori_kiri.gifWhite 1 is 'ori kiru'. Actually, in this situation it also kills the black group, but please note that this is not the essence of this kind of move.
Chinese xia4 li4
English a descending move while finishing the shape

Japanese kibishii
Chinese yan2 li4
English severe (in the sense of: no compromise)

Japanese ishi
Chinese zi3, qi2 zi3
Korean dol dol-deul (stones)
English stone

Japanese yosumi (noun) yosu miru (verb)
yose_miru.gifBlack 1 asks to white: "do you want the outside or the inside?" White 2 answers: "the inside!" White [a] would answer: "the outside!" Black can adapt his strategy depending on white's answer (thus ensuring optimal efficiency of the stones).
Chinese shi4 ying4 shou3
English move which tests the opponents plans

Japanese warikomi
warikomi.gifBlack likes to cut off white's marked stone but normal moves don't work. The solution is the warikomi at 1. Black 3 next cuts off the white's stones.
Chinese qian4 ru4
English move between two enemy stones

Japanese tesuji
Chinese shou3 jin1
Korean maek-soo maek-jum
English skillful/efficient move
Proverbs
Learn the eye-stealing tesuji.
Know the eye-stealing tesuji.

Japanese shinogi
Chinese zhi4 gu1
English technique to deal with weak groups

Japanese shimari
shimari.gifAn example of a shimari: the keima shimari Black [a] instead would have formed the ikken-shimari.
Chinese di4 jiao3; shou3 jiao3
English corner enclosure
Proverbs
5 lines for extension in front of shimari -- Yang Yilun, 7 dan pro.
In the opening, when you don't know what to play, make a shimari. -- jansteen.

Japanese shicho
shicho.gif(The continuation of the sequence shown under 'dango') White captures the black stones in shicho.
Chinese zheng1 chi2 zheng1 zi3
Korean chook
English ladder the chinese term gives one the feeling that you have grabbed a goat or ox by the horns and are trying to wrestle the animal to the ground, only to find yourself whipped about. the japanese term means "ladder" because for some reason they feel the shape of the stones suggests that shape, though it looks more like a stairway to me :-). (dr. roy schmidt)
Proverbs
If you don't know ladders, don't play go.
Each step in a ladder is worth 7 points.

Japanese semeai
Chinese dui4 sha1
English capturing race
Proverbs
If there is a ko inside a semeai, capture it on the final play.
The semeai where only one player has an eye is a fight over nothing.
One big eye kills one small eye.

Japanese nozoki
Chinese ci4; kui1
English a peeping move which threatens to cut

Japanese nobi komi

Japanese nobi
Chinese chang2
English solid extension
Proverbs
Hane? Extend! Make it a habit.
From a cross-cut, extend.

Japanese niken taka basami
niken_taka_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] is 'niken taka basami'.
Chinese er4 jian4 gao1 jia2
Korean du-kan-nop-eun-hyup-gong
English two point high pincer

Japanese nadare
nadare.gifLeft side shows the small 'nadare'. Right side shows the large 'nadare' (also see: 'o nadare').
Chinese xue3 beng1 (ding4 shi4)
Korean boong-sul-hyung noon-sa-tae-hyung
English name of a joseki (avalanche, "snowslide")

Japanese mokuhazushi
mokuhazushi.gifThe points [a] and [b] are 'mokuhazushi'.
Chinese mu4 wai4
English (3,5) point in the corner emphasis on quick outside development, not on corner profit usually intended to expand along the side

Japanese me ari me nashi
Chinese you3 yan3 sha1 xia1 ("one eye kills blind")
English only one side has an eye
Proverbs
The semeai where only one player has an eye is a fight over nothing.

Japanese me
Chinese yan3
Korean noon
English eye

Japanese kiri nobi
Chinese duan4 chang2
English cut and extend

Japanese kiai
Chinese gan3 dou4 jing1 shen2
English "fighting spirit" (not quite)

Japanese kikashi
kikashi.gifOn the left: A (4,4) joseki, black [a] next is 'kikashi' (white [b], black [c] and white [d] will follow). On the right: A (5,4) joseki, black [e] next is 'kikashi' (white will connect with [f]).
Chinese bi1 zhao1
English a forcing move usually made outside the main flow of play. often answered, then ignored; to be used later in the game
Proverbs
Grab the shape points as kikashi.

Japanese keima
keima.gifThe keima shape
Chinese fei1
Korean noon-mok-ja
English knight jump (knight's move)
Proverbs
If your stone is capped, play the knight's move.
Answer the keima with a kosumi.
Use the Knight's move to attack, the 1-point jump to defend.

Japanese joseki
Chinese ding4 shi2 ding4 shi4
Korean jungsuk
English (established stones) standardized local exchange of moves known sequences of moves often near the corner which result in a near equal position for both sides
Proverbs
When you study joseki, you lose two stones in strength.
A meijin needs no joseki.
Go is essentially a form of harmony. Go in the 21st century will have to be go of the 'harmony of the six points - the four quarters, the above and the below.' As in life we will need to view the whole rather than the part. Japanese go has focused too heavily on the local (joseki) rather than the whole for 300 years. The reason the Chinese and Koreans are overtaking the Japanese is that they are closer to achieving this whole-board view. --- Go Seigen, 9 dan pro, 1994.

Japanese gote
Chinese hou4 shou3
English a move not requiring an answer

Japanese furikawari
Chinese jiao1 huan4
English large exchange, swap, trade
Proverbs
Do not fear furikawari.

Japanese atsumi
Chinese hou4 shi4
English thickness strong formation of stones facing the center or facing along a side
Proverbs
Keep away from thickness.
Don't make territory near thickness.
Use a wall to attack, not to make territory.
When your opponent is thick, you must also become thick. -- Otake Hideo, 9 dan pro
There is a thin line between thick and slow. -- jansteen.
Always remember, keep the balance (between territory and influence) -- Figaro

Japanese ate atari
ate.gifBlack 1 gives atari. The white stone now is in atari.
Chinese jiao4 chi1
English check
Proverbs
Atari, atari is vulgar play.
Keep inessential ataris till the end.

Japanese aji ga ii
Chinese hao3 wei4
English good aji (no weaknesses)

Japanese aji keshi
aji_keshi.gifA well known position after white invaded hoshi Exchanging black 1 (forcing white 2) is aji keshi since black will loose the option to play [a] (threatening 2)
Chinese xiao1 yu2 wei4
English spoiling possibilities

Japanese yurumi shicho
yurumi_shicho.gifThis position arose from a 'hoshi joseki' and it is black's move. If black defends his cutting stones with 1, white can capture them using the 'yurumi shicho' and 'geta' technique. (Please note that this sequence works since white 6 and 8 are 'sente'.) The correct 'joseki' move therefore is one point above [3].
English loose ladder

Japanese uttegae uttegaeshi
uttegaeshi.gifWhite 1 is uttegaeshi, when black captures this stone white captures three stones by playing again at 1.
Chinese dao4 pu1
English snapback a sacrifice manoeuvre

Japanese tsuke nobi joseki
tsuke_nobi_joseki.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'tsuke nobi'. In this case the combination initiates the 'tsuke nobi joseki'.
Chinese kao4 ya1 ding4 shi4
English 4-4 point joseki where you attach against the knight's move approach and extend when they hane

Japanese tsuke nobi
tsuke_nobi.gifBlack's 1 (tsuke) and 3 (nobi) effectively split white's marked stones. White also has to worry about the cutting point at "A".
Chinese peng4 chang2
English attach and extend

Japanese tsugi no itte

Japanese tagei sen no fuseki

Japanese susoaki
suosuaki.gifBlack's position is open to a white play at 1. Therefore extensions along the bottom are not so valuable for black.
Chinese bian1 shang4 lou4 feng1
English open at the edge. (makes an area low value as it is hard to surround)

Japanese shusaku fuseki
shusaku_fuseki.gifThe 'shusaku fuseki' pattern. Black 7 would be considered too slow nowadays (since white receives compensation for the fact that black started the game, usually 5 1/2 point). A modern professional would play around [a].
Chinese xiu4 ce4 liu2 (bu4 ju2)
English fuseki strategy for black based on 3 3-4 points.

Japanese shin fuseki
shin_fuseki.gifA 'shin fuseki' pattern by Go Seigen (against Honinbo Shusai, 1933) White won this game by 2 points.
Chinese xin1 bu4 ju2
English "new fuseki", based on 4-4 points stressing centre. pioneered by go seigen and kitani minoru.

Japanese seme (noun) semeru (verb)
Chinese gong1
English attacking

Japanese ryoyoku no jin ryoyoku no jinkei
Chinese liang3 yi4 xing2
English double wing formation (see 'ryoyoku')

Japanese rokumoku nakade hana roku
rokumoku_nakade.gifThe black group is dead when white plays [a]
Chinese hua1 liu4
English flower-six dead shape with 6 spaces (also known as rabbity six)

Japanese oshi tsubushi
oshi_tsubushi.gifWhite's group is alive since black can not connect the two stones at [a] (due to the suicide rule)
Chinese zhang4 si3 niu2 (a full-stomached cow :-)
English making eye shape by using shortage of liberties to prevent the opponent connecting to make a dead (nakade) shape
WWWoshi tsubushi

Japanese oshi age (noun) oshi ageru (verb)
Chinese bi1 chang2
English to push up

Japanese osamari (noun) osamaru (verb)
English being settled (by having eye shape)

Japanese oki
oki.gifWhite 1 is 'oki'. In this example it means the death of the black group, but please note that this is not the essence of this move.
Chinese dian3
English placement (a stone placed inside an opponent's group)

Japanese oi-otoshi
oi-otoshi.gifAfter throwing in twice with white 1 and 3, white ensures live by connecting at 5. Black can not save all his stones.
Chinese jie1 bu4 gui1
English a method to capture where stones are sacrificed to destroy the enemy's eye shape (and use shortage of liberties to prevent connection)

Japanese nobi kiri
nobi_kiri.gifWhite 1 is 'nobi kiri'.
English extension which finishes the shape

Japanese nobi dashi
English an extension towards the center

Japanese nige (noun) nigeru (verb)
Chinese tao2
English to escape

Japanese kirikomi
kirikomi.gifWhite 1 (black 2, white 3) is 'kirikomi', meant as a sacrifice promising white various 'sente' moves in the area.
Chinese duan4 ru4
English a cut inside the enemy territory, normally it will imply a sacrifice

Japanese kiki (noun) kiku (verb)
kiki.gifWhite [a] is white's privilege ('kiki'), black has to defend at [b]. Because of [a] white can aim at either [c] or [d].
Chinese quan2 li4 (yi4 fang1)
English one side privilege

Japanese kame no ko no shippo tsuki
kame_no_ko_no_shippo_tsuki.gifThe shape resembles a tortoise shell with a tail
English a tortoise shell with a tail

Japanese kame no ko
kame_no_ko.gifThe shape after capturing two stones resembles a tortoise shell
Chinese gui1 xing2
English tortoise shell (shape made by the capture of 2 stones)

Japanese junkan ko
junkan_ko.gifWhile fighting the 'ko' around "A", both players mutually capture two stones inside both groups. Under the Japanese 'ko' rule this could continue endlessly, therefore the special 'junkan ko' rule.
Chinese lian2 huan2 jie2
English a cyclic 'ko', a "no result" according to the "japanese rules of go"

Japanese isoganai
Chinese bu4 ji2
English not urgent

Japanese ichigo masu
ichigo_masu.gifThe corner shape resembles the 'ichigo masu' and thus is called like that
Chinese jin1 gui4 jiao3
English an 180ml measure cup, carpenter's square
Proverbs
The carpenter's square becomes ko.
If there is no stone on the handicap point, the carpenter's square is dead.

Japanese hisso no pointo hissoten
Chinese yao4 dian3, ji2 suo3
English keypoint

Japanese suberi hashiri
suberi.gifThe white move at 5 is a 'keima suberi' (or 'hashiri') A white move at "A" would be a 'ogeima suberi' (or 'hashiri').
Chinese jing4, fei1 jing4
English slide, typically with 'keima', or 'ogeima' but not necessarily

Japanese hane nobi
hane_nobi.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'hane nobi'.
Chinese ban1 chang2
English combination of 'hane' and extend (from 'hane' stone)

Japanese hane age (noun) hane ageru (verb)
hane_age.gifWhite "A" would be 'hane age'
English a special kind of 'hane'

Japanese hanami ko
Korean ggot-nol-i pae
English a "flower-viewing" 'ko', i.e. one side has everything to lose, while the other stakes almost nothing

Japanese gote no sente
Korean hoo-su-eoi seon-soo
English temporary it is 'gote' but the follow up is servere 'sente'

Japanese chosei
chosei.gifImagine the following sequence of moves: (1) Black plays "A", threatening to kill white by playing "B", (2) White defends by playing at "B" himself, (3) Black captures those two white stones, (4) White recaptures at (d,1). This sequence would give exactly the same position we had before, making this position 'chosei'. This game would become 'no result' according to the "Japanese rules of Go".
Chinese chang2 sheng1
Korean wan-saeng
English eternal life, part of the rules of japanese go
WWWchosei

Japanese atsui
Chinese hou4, hou4 shi2
Korean doo-teo-um
English thick, no 'aji' left strong formation of stones facing the center or facing along a side

Japanese amai
Chinese huan3
Korean moo-reu-da
English 'sweet', not severe enough

Japanese aji nokori
Chinese liu2 you3 yu2 wei4
Korean mat-i nam-da
English 'aji' (potential) left

Japanese amashi
English a strategy for white in no-'komi' games in which he lets the opponent take good points but as compensation takes territory, aiming to 'outlast' the opponent

Japanese aki sankaku
aki_sankaku.gifThe three black stones form an empty triangle (Since there is no stone at [a])
Chinese yu2 san jiao3
Korean bin sam gak
English (empty triangle) shape of the three stones. generally bad shape (see 'guzumi')

Japanese shita hane
shita_hane.gifWhite just entered blacks position. Black's possible answer could be [a] (hane dashi) or 1 (shita hane).
Chinese xia4 ban1
English hane underneath

Japanese ue tsuke
ue_tsuke.gifBlack 1 is ue tsuke (as opposed to "shita tsuke", underneath attach at "A").
English outside tsuke

Japanese shita tsuke
shita_tsuke.gifBlack 1 is shita tsuke (as opposed to "ue tsuke", outside attach at "A").
Chinese xia4 peng4
English tsuke underneath

Japanese shita hen
Chinese xia4 bian1
English bottom edge

Japanese hoshi shita
Chinese xing1 xia4
English below one of the eight 'hoshi' points along the edge

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a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
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