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Japanese junkan ko
junkan_ko.gifWhile fighting the 'ko' around "A", both players mutually capture two stones inside both groups. Under the Japanese 'ko' rule this could continue endlessly, therefore the special 'junkan ko' rule.
Chinese lian2 huan2 jie2
English a cyclic 'ko', a "no result" according to the "japanese rules of go"

Japanese magari shimoku
magari_shimoku.gifNormally four points in a row form two eyes, except in the corner. The left white group can be killed with A (black B for ko). The right white group is dead since black can create a bend-four anytime. According to Japanese rules the right white group thus is dead.
English bend four in the corner. usually dead shape except under special circumstances.

Japanese futokoro
English the basic meaning is "bosom". in go the term refers to the space inside a surrounded group that is trying to live. this space may include enemy stones. it is nearly always used in the context of the proverb: "iki wa futokoro o hiroge yo" - to live, broaden your girth. (john fairbairn) capacity for territory

Japanese warikomi
warikomi.gifBlack likes to cut off white's marked stone but normal moves don't work. The solution is the warikomi at 1. Black 3 next cuts off the white's stones.
Chinese qian4 ru4
English move between two enemy stones

Japanese uchikomi
Chinese da3 ru4
English invasion

Japanese tsume go
tsume_go.gifBlack to play and live (see 'ishi no shita')
Chinese si3 huo4 ti2
English life and dead problem
Proverbs
On the second line six die, eight live.
On the third line, four die, six live.
In the corner, five stones in a row on the third line are alive.
Six eyes in a rectangle are alive.
For rectangular six in the corner, dame is necessary.
The comb formation is alive.
For the comb formation in the corner, dame is necessary.
The carpenter's square becomes ko.
If there is no stone on the handicap point, the carpenter's square is dead.
There is death in the hane.
Strange things happen at the one-two points.
The L group is dead.

Japanese tsuke koshi
tsuke_koshi.gifFrom left to right: Black likes to cut white's marked stones. Pushing and cutting (de-giri) gives black bad shape. Starting with tsuke koshi at 1 gives black good shape.
Chinese kua4 duan4
English the proper move to cut a knight jump ('keima')
Proverbs
Strike at the waist of the knight's move.

Japanese tsuke
tsuke.gifBlack 1, playing against white's position is 'tsuke'. There can be various reasons to play an attachment: 1. a ko threat 2. a ladder breaker 3. a leaning attack 4. to settle in enemy territory 5. to split enemy positions
Chinese peng4
English to attach to an enemy stone

Japanese tobi komi
Chinese tiao4 jing4
English jump inside

Japanese semeai
Chinese dui4 sha1
English capturing race
Proverbs
If there is a ko inside a semeai, capture it on the final play.
The semeai where only one player has an eye is a fight over nothing.
One big eye kills one small eye.

Japanese sashi komi
Chinese ji3
English to stuff in

Japanese ponnuki
ponnuki.gifThe ponnuki shape results from a one stone capture with 1.
Chinese kong1 ti2 yi4 zi3
English shape after one stone capture
Proverbs
Pon-nuki is worth thirty points.

Japanese odokoro
English area where a large move is to be found

Japanese nobi komi

Japanese mukai komoku
mukai_komoku.gifThe two black komoku stones are "facing" each other
Chinese xiang4 xiao3 mu4
English facing komoku stones

Japanese mochi komi
Chinese da3 ru4 shi1 bai4
English failed invasion loss without compensation

Japanese mannen ko
Chinese wan4 nian2 jie2
English "ten-thousend"-year ko a ko which both players are reluctant to fight since they will stake too much while doing so

Japanese kosumi tsuke
kosumi_tsuke.gifBlack 1 is kosumi tsuke, a combination of a kosumi and a tsuke move.
Chinese jian1 ding3
English a diagonal attaching move

Japanese kosumi
kosumi.gifBlack 1 would form the kosumi shape.
Chinese xiao3 jian1
Korean ku-ja ma-nul-mo
English diagonal move
Proverbs
Answer the keima with a kosumi.
The strong player plays straight, the weak diagonally.

Japanese korigatachi
English over-concentrated shape

Japanese komoku
komoku.gifThe points [a] and [b] are komoku.
Chinese xiao3 mu4
Korean somok
English (3,4) point in the corner emphasis on corner and edge

Japanese komi dashi
English compensation received for the 1st move

Japanese komi
Chinese tie1 mu4
Korean dum kongje
English compensation given for the right to play the 1st move

Japanese kogeima
keima.gifThe kogeima shape
Chinese xiao3 fei1
English small knight jump

Japanese ko date
Chinese jie2 cai2
English ko treat

Japanese ko
ko.gifThe ko shape
Chinese jie2
English repeating fight for one stone
Proverbs
Dead group? Always win ko fights!
If there is a ko inside a semeai, capture it on the final play.
Win the early ko to win the game.
The weak player fears ko, the strong player seeks it. -- Bill Taylor

Japanese keima
keima.gifThe keima shape
Chinese fei1
Korean noon-mok-ja
English knight jump (knight's move)
Proverbs
If your stone is capped, play the knight's move.
Answer the keima with a kosumi.
Use the Knight's move to attack, the 1-point jump to defend.

Japanese itte yose ko
Chinese yi1 qi4 jie2
English one-move approach ko

Japanese dame
Chinese kong4 mu4; dan1 guan1
English a neutral point, territory for neither; a liberty
Proverbs
Don't play on dame points, but guarantee connections.
For rectangular six in the corner, dame is necessary.
For the comb formation in the corner, dame is necessary.

Japanese bane hane
hane.gifWe are in the middle of a 'komoku joseki' (black to move) Black can raise his low position by playing at 1 ('hane')
Chinese ban1
English a move on top of an enemy chain
Proverbs
Hane? Extend! Make it a habit.
There is death in the hane.
At the head of two stones in a row, play hane.
At the head of three stones in a row, play hane.

Japanese ate komi
ate_komi.gifWe are in the middle of a 'hoshi joseki' (black to move). Normal continuations at this point are [a] or 1 ('ate komi').
English playing inside an enemy kosumi

Japanese zoko suji

Japanese yoko tsuke

Japanese uchikomu
Chinese 1. da3 ru4 2. da3 ru4 (jiang4 ji2)
English 1. to invade 2. to force an opponent to take a handicap (or force him to a higher handicap) by taking a lead of four games (six games at the beginning of the edo period)

Japanese son ko
Chinese sun3 jie2
English ko threat which loses points

Japanese san ko
Chinese san1 jie2 lian2 huan2
English triple 'ko' (causes annulment of game in japanese rules)

Japanese ryo ko
ryo_ko.gifWhite is alive with double 'ko', since when black takes the 'ko' at [a], white will take the 'ko' at [b] and visa versa. The funny thing about this situation is that although black can't capture the white group it will give him an unlimited amount of 'ko' threats.
Chinese shuang1 jie2
English double 'ko', a position with two 'ko' fights where only one fight needs to be won

Japanese osae komi
osae_komi.gifWhite 1 is 'osae komi'.
Chinese dang3
English to stop the opponent from moving outward

Japanese kogeima shimari kogeima zimari
kogeima_shimari.gifThe kogeima shimari has a weakness at (5,5) in the centre: A white stone at 1 is aiming at the attachments at either [a] or [b].
Chinese xiao3 fei1 shou3 jiao3
English (small knight's enclosure) the 3-4 and 5-3 points, strong towards the corner; weak to the center. the 5-5 (high-point) is a weakness

Japanese kirikomi
kirikomi.gifWhite 1 (black 2, white 3) is 'kirikomi', meant as a sacrifice promising white various 'sente' moves in the area.
Chinese duan4 ru4
English a cut inside the enemy territory, normally it will imply a sacrifice

Japanese kimeuchi
Chinese ding4 xing2
English settling (freezing) the shape kobayashi koichi 9 dan, tends to play 'kimeuchi'

Japanese kame no ko no shippo tsuki
kame_no_ko_no_shippo_tsuki.gifThe shape resembles a tortoise shell with a tail
English a tortoise shell with a tail

Japanese kame no ko
kame_no_ko.gifThe shape after capturing two stones resembles a tortoise shell
Chinese gui1 xing2
English tortoise shell (shape made by the capture of 2 stones)

Japanese itte ko itte yose ko
Chinese yi1 shou3 jie2
English one step 'ko'

Japanese ichigo masu
ichigo_masu.gifThe corner shape resembles the 'ichigo masu' and thus is called like that
Chinese jin1 gui4 jiao3
English an 180ml measure cup, carpenter's square
Proverbs
The carpenter's square becomes ko.
If there is no stone on the handicap point, the carpenter's square is dead.

Japanese horikomi hori komi
Chinese pu1, pu1 jing4
English throw in, a single stone played as a sacrifice (for exmaples please refer to 'oi otoshi' or 'uttegaeshi')

Japanese hon ko
Chinese zheng1 jie2
English real 'ko'

Japanese hane komi
hane_komi.gifAfter black 1, white 2 is 'hane komi'.
Chinese ban1 ru4
English a move which combines 'hane' and 'warikomi'

Japanese hanami ko
Korean ggot-nol-i pae
English a "flower-viewing" 'ko', i.e. one side has everything to lose, while the other stakes almost nothing

Japanese aji nokori
Chinese liu2 you3 yu2 wei4
Korean mat-i nam-da
English 'aji' (potential) left

Japanese amashi
English a strategy for white in no-'komi' games in which he lets the opponent take good points but as compensation takes territory, aiming to 'outlast' the opponent

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a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
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Finally, if you're looking for translations of Japanese Go terms please try the Japanese Go Dictionary.

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