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Japanese mane go
Chinese muo2 fang3 qi2
English mirror go (imitation go)

Japanese futokoro
English the basic meaning is "bosom". in go the term refers to the space inside a surrounded group that is trying to live. this space may include enemy stones. it is nearly always used in the context of the proverb: "iki wa futokoro o hiroge yo" - to live, broaden your girth. (john fairbairn) capacity for territory

Japanese tsume go
tsume_go.gifBlack to play and live (see 'ishi no shita')
Chinese si3 huo4 ti2
English life and dead problem
Proverbs
On the second line six die, eight live.
On the third line, four die, six live.
In the corner, five stones in a row on the third line are alive.
Six eyes in a rectangle are alive.
For rectangular six in the corner, dame is necessary.
The comb formation is alive.
For the comb formation in the corner, dame is necessary.
The carpenter's square becomes ko.
If there is no stone on the handicap point, the carpenter's square is dead.
There is death in the hane.
Strange things happen at the one-two points.
The L group is dead.

Japanese tsuke koshi
tsuke_koshi.gifFrom left to right: Black likes to cut white's marked stones. Pushing and cutting (de-giri) gives black bad shape. Starting with tsuke koshi at 1 gives black good shape.
Chinese kua4 duan4
English the proper move to cut a knight jump ('keima')
Proverbs
Strike at the waist of the knight's move.

Japanese tobi magari
English a jump orthogonal on the previous direction of motion

Japanese suji
Chinese hao3 shou3
English good style/skillful

Japanese shicho
shicho.gif(The continuation of the sequence shown under 'dango') White captures the black stones in shicho.
Chinese zheng1 chi2 zheng1 zi3
Korean chook
English ladder the chinese term gives one the feeling that you have grabbed a goat or ox by the horns and are trying to wrestle the animal to the ground, only to find yourself whipped about. the japanese term means "ladder" because for some reason they feel the shape of the stones suggests that shape, though it looks more like a stairway to me :-). (dr. roy schmidt)
Proverbs
If you don't know ladders, don't play go.
Each step in a ladder is worth 7 points.

Japanese niken taka basami
niken_taka_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] is 'niken taka basami'.
Chinese er4 jian4 gao1 jia2
Korean du-kan-nop-eun-hyup-gong
English two point high pincer

Japanese nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in)
Chinese ri4-ben3 qi2-yuan4
English japanese go association

Japanese kosumi tsuke
kosumi_tsuke.gifBlack 1 is kosumi tsuke, a combination of a kosumi and a tsuke move.
Chinese jian1 ding3
English a diagonal attaching move

Japanese kosumi
kosumi.gifBlack 1 would form the kosumi shape.
Chinese xiao3 jian1
Korean ku-ja ma-nul-mo
English diagonal move
Proverbs
Answer the keima with a kosumi.
The strong player plays straight, the weak diagonally.

Japanese kata tsuki
Chinese jian1 chong1
English (shoulder hit) a play on a diagonal of the opponent's stone
Proverbs
To reduce an opponent's large prospective territory, strike at the shoulder.

Japanese katachi
Chinese hao3 xing2
English (good) shape of the stones

Japanese kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in)
Chinese guan1-xi1 qi2-yuan4
English one of the two japanese go associations. the kansai ki-in is in the kansai district, established in osaka.

Japanese joseki
Chinese ding4 shi2 ding4 shi4
Korean jungsuk
English (established stones) standardized local exchange of moves known sequences of moves often near the corner which result in a near equal position for both sides
Proverbs
When you study joseki, you lose two stones in strength.
A meijin needs no joseki.
Go is essentially a form of harmony. Go in the 21st century will have to be go of the 'harmony of the six points - the four quarters, the above and the below.' As in life we will need to view the whole rather than the part. Japanese go has focused too heavily on the local (joseki) rather than the whole for 300 years. The reason the Chinese and Koreans are overtaking the Japanese is that they are closer to achieving this whole-board view. --- Go Seigen, 9 dan pro, 1994.

Japanese ishi no shita
ishi_no_shita.gifBlack to play and live (white 6 at 4, white 8 at 2, black 9 above 5 (ishi no shita))
Chinese dao4 tuo1 xue1
English (under the stones) name of a tesuji (see tsume go)
Proverbs
Learn to play under the stones.

Japanese ikken tobi
ikken_tobi.gifThe ikken tobi shape
Chinese yi1 jian4 tiao4
English one-point jump
Proverbs
The strong player plays straight, the weak diagonally.
Ikken tobi is never wrong.
Use the Knight's move to attack, the 1-point jump to defend.

Japanese ikken basami
ikken_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] is 'ikken basami'
Chinese yi1 jian1 jia2
Korean han-kan-hyup-gong
English one-point pincer

Japanese hazama tobi
hazama_tobi.gifThe hazama tobi shape
Chinese xiang4 bu4 (fei1)
English diagonal jump

Japanese haya go
Chinese kuai4 qi2
Korean sok-ki
English lightning go

Japanese gote
Chinese hou4 shou3
English a move not requiring an answer

Japanese dango
dango.gifThe 11 stone black group only have two liberties, a typical 'dango' shape. White [a] next will continue the attack. Initial moves: see 'guru guru mawashi' Final result: see 'shicho'
Chinese yi4 tuan2 (yu1 xing2)
English a solid mass of stones; a very inefficient shape
Proverbs
Don't make dangos.

Japanese aji ga ii
Chinese hao3 wei4
English good aji (no weaknesses)

Japanese sogo
Chinese zheng1 qi2
English a challenge match (edo period)

Japanese shin fuseki
shin_fuseki.gifA 'shin fuseki' pattern by Go Seigen (against Honinbo Shusai, 1933) White won this game by 2 points.
Chinese xin1 bu4 ju2
English "new fuseki", based on 4-4 points stressing centre. pioneered by go seigen and kitani minoru.

Japanese sensei
Chinese lao3 shi1, shi1 fu4
Korean sa-bum
English literally 'teacher' professional go players are usually referred to as sensei

Japanese seme (noun) semeru (verb)
Chinese gong1
English attacking

Japanese sanba garasu
sanba_garasu.gifWhite 1 through 3 form the 'sanba garasu' corner enclosure.
Chinese san1 yu3 niao3, san1 yu3 wu1 ya1
English three crows, a corner enclosure consisting of three diagonal moves

Japanese ryo gote
ryo_gote.gifBoth black [a] or white [b] is 'gote', so the situation is 'ryo gote'
Chinese shuang3 fang1 hou4 shou3
English double gote, an (endgame) situation which is gote for both players

Japanese rengo
Chinese lian2 qi2
Korean yeonki
English a team game (the players in each team take turns without consulting each other)

Japanese oshiro go
Chinese cheng2 qi2 (zhan4)
English castle go (edo era)

Japanese oshi tsubushi
oshi_tsubushi.gifWhite's group is alive since black can not connect the two stones at [a] (due to the suicide rule)
Chinese zhang4 si3 niu2 (a full-stomached cow :-)
English making eye shape by using shortage of liberties to prevent the opponent connecting to make a dead (nakade) shape
WWWoshi tsubushi

Japanese oki go
Chinese rang4 zi3 qi2
English handicap go

Japanese kaya
English a japanese wood (nutmeg) used for the best quality go boards

Japanese kansho
Chinese guan1 shang3
English "enjoying art"; the pleasure perceived when watching a beautiful go game

Japanese kamae
Chinese gou4 xiang3 (quan2 ju2)
English a global shape (like the 'san rensei', or a 'shimari' + extension)

Japanese junkan ko
junkan_ko.gifWhile fighting the 'ko' around "A", both players mutually capture two stones inside both groups. Under the Japanese 'ko' rule this could continue endlessly, therefore the special 'junkan ko' rule.
Chinese lian2 huan2 jie2
English a cyclic 'ko', a "no result" according to the "japanese rules of go"

Japanese sanjubango
Chinese san1 shi2 fan1 qi2
English a thirty-game match

Japanese nijubango
Chinese er2 shi2 fan1 qi2
English a twenty-game match

Japanese jubango
Chinese shi2 fan1 qi2
English a ten-game match

Japanese jigo
Chinese he2 ju2
English tie or drawn game

Japanese jidori go
Chinese zheng1 di4 (shuang1 fang1)
English both players are territorily aimed

Japanese igo
Chinese wei2 qi2
English the game of go

Japanese ichigo masu
ichigo_masu.gifThe corner shape resembles the 'ichigo masu' and thus is called like that
Chinese jin1 gui4 jiao3
English an 180ml measure cup, carpenter's square
Proverbs
The carpenter's square becomes ko.
If there is no stone on the handicap point, the carpenter's square is dead.

Japanese hanami ko
Korean ggot-nol-i pae
English a "flower-viewing" 'ko', i.e. one side has everything to lose, while the other stakes almost nothing

Japanese hana yori dango
Korean sil-sok-eul cha-ri-da
English old japanese saying meaning something like: "fame is nice but cash might be better" ('hana' = flower, 'dango' = 'japanese sweet' and 'yori' = 'than')

Japanese gyaku yose
Chinese ni4 xian1 shou3
Korean him-deun jong-ban-jeon
English reverse 'sente' ('gote' endgame play where opponent would be 'sente')

Japanese guru guru mawashi
guru_guru_mawashi.gifWhat will happen after white "A"? Continuation: see 'dango'. Final result: see 'shicho'.
Chinese lian2 huan2 zheng1 zi3
Korean dol-dol mal-ri-da
English capturing an enemy chain using the following combination of techniques: 1. stone sacrifice(s) 2. squeeze 3. ladder during this chasing process the enemy chain typically gets heavy in the process.

Japanese gote no sente
Korean hoo-su-eoi seon-soo
English temporary it is 'gote' but the follow up is servere 'sente'

Japanese goken biraki
biraki5.gifBlack 1 forms a 'goken biraki' shape. It's called 'goken biraki' since there are five empty spaces between black's stones.
English five point extension

Japanese gozen go
Chinese yu4 qi2 (yu4 for emperial)
Korean soo-seup
English to play a game of go in front of an emperor (during the edo era)

Japanese gomoku nakade
gomoku_nakade.gifThe black group is dead when white plays "A"
Chinese hua2 wu3, dao1 ban3 wu3
English dead shape with 5 spaces

Japanese goban
Chinese qi2 pan2
Korean baduk pan
English go board

Japanese chosei
chosei.gifImagine the following sequence of moves: (1) Black plays "A", threatening to kill white by playing "B", (2) White defends by playing at "B" himself, (3) Black captures those two white stones, (4) White recaptures at (d,1). This sequence would give exactly the same position we had before, making this position 'chosei'. This game would become 'no result' according to the "Japanese rules of Go".
Chinese chang2 sheng1
Korean wan-saeng
English eternal life, part of the rules of japanese go
WWWchosei

Japanese bango
Chinese fan1 qi2 (shi2 fan1 qi2, qi1 fan1 qi2, etc.)
English match consisting of a set number of games

Japanese amari gatachi
English play where one feels he has made good moves, when in fact he has accomplished little

Japanese ago
ago.gifWhite [a] would be called 'ago', the chin of the black stones (but there are many other cases like this where one could say 'ago')
Korean teok
English chin

Japanese amashi
English a strategy for white in no-'komi' games in which he lets the opponent take good points but as compensation takes territory, aiming to 'outlast' the opponent

Japanese choushi
English rhythm; pros and future pros seem to have good 'choushi' instinctively. it is, in its effect, rather like good timing in the sense that top pros in physical sports always seem to have more time to do whatever they're doing on the ball. it is a good candidate for those words that some people argue are better off borrowed straight from japanese. (john fairbairn)

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a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
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