backGoBase.org home | sgf2misc | japanese dictionary | go world
Go, an addictive game Copyright © 1994-2014 GoBase
International  online services | the internet go dictionary  
Results

Japanese raku ni
English easily

Japanese futokoro
English the basic meaning is "bosom". in go the term refers to the space inside a surrounded group that is trying to live. this space may include enemy stones. it is nearly always used in the context of the proverb: "iki wa futokoro o hiroge yo" - to live, broaden your girth. (john fairbairn) capacity for territory

Japanese yonrensei (yon+rensei)
yonrensei.gifThe opening pattern after either black [a] or [b] is 'yonrensei' It's unimportant where exactly white played on the left side
Chinese si4 lian2 xing1
English four hoshi stones "in a row"

Japanese watari
watari.gifWhite's three stones seem lost but they can be saved with 1. This move sets up two underneath connections: A,B,C or D. Many tesuji involve underneath connections and as illustrated by this example it's a powerful technique. (example taken from The Art of Go, Vol 1 - Connecting Stones)
Chinese du4 guo4; du4 hui2
English underneath connection

Japanese tsuke koshi
tsuke_koshi.gifFrom left to right: Black likes to cut white's marked stones. Pushing and cutting (de-giri) gives black bad shape. Starting with tsuke koshi at 1 gives black good shape.
Chinese kua4 duan4
English the proper move to cut a knight jump ('keima')
Proverbs
Strike at the waist of the knight's move.

Japanese tsuke
tsuke.gifBlack 1, playing against white's position is 'tsuke'. There can be various reasons to play an attachment: 1. a ko threat 2. a ladder breaker 3. a leaning attack 4. to settle in enemy territory 5. to split enemy positions
Chinese peng4
English to attach to an enemy stone

Japanese tsugi
Chinese nian2
English connection

Japanese shinogi
Chinese zhi4 gu1
English technique to deal with weak groups

Japanese shimari
shimari.gifAn example of a shimari: the keima shimari Black [a] instead would have formed the ikken-shimari.
Chinese di4 jiao3; shou3 jiao3
English corner enclosure
Proverbs
5 lines for extension in front of shimari -- Yang Yilun, 7 dan pro.
In the opening, when you don't know what to play, make a shimari. -- jansteen.

Japanese shicho
shicho.gif(The continuation of the sequence shown under 'dango') White captures the black stones in shicho.
Chinese zheng1 chi2 zheng1 zi3
Korean chook
English ladder the chinese term gives one the feeling that you have grabbed a goat or ox by the horns and are trying to wrestle the animal to the ground, only to find yourself whipped about. the japanese term means "ladder" because for some reason they feel the shape of the stones suggests that shape, though it looks more like a stairway to me :-). (dr. roy schmidt)
Proverbs
If you don't know ladders, don't play go.
Each step in a ladder is worth 7 points.

Japanese sanrensei (san+rensei)
san_rensei.gifThe opening pattern with the three stones is called sanrensei It's unimportant where exactly white played on the left side
Chinese san1 lian2 xing1
English three hoshi stones in a row

Japanese sabaki
Chinese shan3 dian4 zhan4 shu4 ("lightning strategy")
English flexible shape quick development, technique using light shape for settling a group

Japanese ryo shimari
ryo_shimari.gifThe ryo shimari opening pattern consisting of four shimari Nowadays this kind of play is considered very slow paced
English a special 'fuseki', four 'shimari'

Japanese ogeima
ogeima.gifThe ogeima shape
Chinese da4 fei1
English large knight jump

Japanese o ba
Chinese da4 chang3
English big move in the opening stage

Japanese nirensei (ni+rensei)
nirensei.gifThe opening pattern with the two stones is called nirensei It's unimportant where exactly white played on the left side
Chinese er4 lian2 xing1
English two hoshi stones in a row

Japanese niken tobi
niken_tobi.gifThe niken tobi shape
Chinese er4 jian1 diao4
English two point jump

Japanese niken taka basami
niken_taka_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] is 'niken taka basami'.
Chinese er4 jian4 gao1 jia2
Korean du-kan-nop-eun-hyup-gong
English two point high pincer

Japanese niken biraki
biraki2.gifWhite 1 just attacked black's marked stone. With black 2 ('niken biraki') black gives this group some eye space. It's called 'niken biraki' since there are two empty spaces between black's stones.
Chinese chai1 er4
English two point extension

Japanese niken
Chinese er4 jian4
English two point

Japanese nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in)
Chinese ri4-ben3 qi2-yuan4
English japanese go association

Japanese nidan bane (nidan+hane)
Chinese lian2 ban1
English two-step hane

Japanese mannen ko
Chinese wan4 nian2 jie2
English "ten-thousend"-year ko a ko which both players are reluctant to fight since they will stake too much while doing so

Japanese kogeima
keima.gifThe kogeima shape
Chinese xiao3 fei1
English small knight jump

Japanese kiri chigae
kiri_chigae.gifThe 'kiri chigae' shape
Chinese niu3 duan4
English cross-cut

Japanese keima tsugi
Chinese fei1 jie1
English knight-shape connection

Japanese keima
keima.gifThe keima shape
Chinese fei1
Korean noon-mok-ja
English knight jump (knight's move)
Proverbs
If your stone is capped, play the knight's move.
Answer the keima with a kosumi.
Use the Knight's move to attack, the 1-point jump to defend.

Japanese ikken tobi
ikken_tobi.gifThe ikken tobi shape
Chinese yi1 jian4 tiao4
English one-point jump
Proverbs
The strong player plays straight, the weak diagonally.
Ikken tobi is never wrong.
Use the Knight's move to attack, the 1-point jump to defend.

Japanese haya go
Chinese kuai4 qi2
Korean sok-ki
English lightning go

Japanese fuseki
Chinese bu4 ju2, kai1 ju2
Korean posuk
English opening
Proverbs
Keep sente in the opening. A premature attack loses sente.
Corner, side, centre.

Japanese dango
dango.gifThe 11 stone black group only have two liberties, a typical 'dango' shape. White [a] next will continue the attack. Initial moves: see 'guru guru mawashi' Final result: see 'shicho'
Chinese yi4 tuan2 (yu1 xing2)
English a solid mass of stones; a very inefficient shape
Proverbs
Don't make dangos.

Japanese boshi
boshi.gifCho Chikun - Otake Hideo, 7th Meijin title, 29 & 30 September 1982 White attacked black with: 1 (boshi), 2, and 3 (again boshi).
Chinese zhen4
Korean mo-ja-seu-wum
English playing on top of an enemy stone (a capping move)
Proverbs
If your stone is capped, play the knight's move.

Japanese aji keshi
aji_keshi.gifA well known position after white invaded hoshi Exchanging black 1 (forcing white 2) is aji keshi since black will loose the option to play [a] (threatening 2)
Chinese xiao1 yu2 wei4
English spoiling possibilities

Japanese yurumi shicho
yurumi_shicho.gifThis position arose from a 'hoshi joseki' and it is black's move. If black defends his cutting stones with 1, white can capture them using the 'yurumi shicho' and 'geta' technique. (Please note that this sequence works since white 6 and 8 are 'sente'.) The correct 'joseki' move therefore is one point above [3].
English loose ladder

Japanese uchikomu
Chinese 1. da3 ru4 2. da3 ru4 (jiang4 ji2)
English 1. to invade 2. to force an opponent to take a handicap (or force him to a higher handicap) by taking a lead of four games (six games at the beginning of the edo period)

Japanese tsuke nobi joseki
tsuke_nobi_joseki.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'tsuke nobi'. In this case the combination initiates the 'tsuke nobi joseki'.
Chinese kao4 ya1 ding4 shi4
English 4-4 point joseki where you attach against the knight's move approach and extend when they hane

Japanese tedomari
English the last meaningful point in the fuseki or in the endgame

Japanese takefu
take_fu.gifWhite 1 ensures a connection by forming a 'take fu' shape.
Chinese shuang1 ("double")
English bamboo joint, a connection technique
Proverbs
Never try to cut bamboo joints.
There is damezumari at the bamboo joint.
Grab the 4th point of the bamboo joint. -- Bill Taylor

Japanese takamoku joseki
takamoku_joseki.gifBlack 1, white 2 initiates a typical 'takamoku joseki'.
Chinese gao1 mu4 ding4 shi4
English joseki following from an initial stone at the 4-5 point

Japanese taisha
taisha.gifWhite 1 initiates the 'taisha joseki'.
Chinese da4 xie2 (ding4 shi4)
English big, name of a joseki

Japanese taisha joseki
taisha_joseki.gifWhite 1 initiates the 'taisha joseki'. (The most complicated variations in this joseki start with 2 through 5).
Chinese da4 xie2 ding4 shi4
English joseki, famous and feared for the amount of variations

Japanese shin fuseki
shin_fuseki.gifA 'shin fuseki' pattern by Go Seigen (against Honinbo Shusai, 1933) White won this game by 2 points.
Chinese xin1 bu4 ju2
English "new fuseki", based on 4-4 points stressing centre. pioneered by go seigen and kitani minoru.

Japanese sen ni sen
Chinese xian1 er4 xian1
English alternating black-two stones, with this game on black

Japanese sen ni
Chinese xian1 er4
English alternating between black and two stones (the handicap for a four-dan difference)

Japanese seimoku
Chinese rang4 jiu3 zi3
English nine stones handicap

Japanese ozaru suberi
ozaru_suberi.gifWhite 1 reduces the black territory by jumping in with a large knight jump ('o-keima').
Chinese da4 fei1 tiao4
English big monkey jump, typical endgame move

Japanese saru suberi
saru_suberi.gifWhite 1 reduces the black territory by jumping in with a knight jump ('keima').
Chinese xiao3 fei1 diao4
English monkey jump, typical endgame move

Japanese sanba garasu
sanba_garasu.gifWhite 1 through 3 form the 'sanba garasu' corner enclosure.
Chinese san1 yu3 niao3, san1 yu3 wu1 ya1
English three crows, a corner enclosure consisting of three diagonal moves

Japanese ryo jimari (ryo+shimari)
Chinese shuang1 fei1 shou3 jiao3
English an opening where one (or both) sides has two corner enclosures ('shimari')

Japanese oshi tsubushi
oshi_tsubushi.gifWhite's group is alive since black can not connect the two stones at [a] (due to the suicide rule)
Chinese zhang4 si3 niu2 (a full-stomached cow :-)
English making eye shape by using shortage of liberties to prevent the opponent connecting to make a dead (nakade) shape
WWWoshi tsubushi

Japanese ori kiri (noun) ori kiru (verb) sagari kiri (noun) sagari kiru (verb)
ori_kiri.gifWhite 1 is 'ori kiru'. Actually, in this situation it also kills the black group, but please note that this is not the essence of this kind of move.
Chinese xia4 li4
English a descending move while finishing the shape

Japanese ogeima kakari ogeima gakari
ogeima_kakari.gifWhite [a] is a 'ogeima gakari'
Chinese dai4 fei1 gua4 jiao3
English large knight's move approach to 3-4 stone

Japanese ogeima kake ogeima gake
ogeima_kake.gifWhite 1 combines the large knight jump ('ogeima') and a cover ('kake').
English a move which combines the large knight jump with a "cover"

Japanese nobi kiri
nobi_kiri.gifWhite 1 is 'nobi kiri'.
English extension which finishes the shape

Japanese niken takabasami
niken_takabasami.gifWhite 1 is 'niken takabasami' (two-point high 'basami').
Chinese er4 jian4 jia2
English 2 point high pincer

Japanese niken shimari niken zimari
niken_shimari.gifThe niken shimari
Chinese er4 jian4 shou3 jiao3
English large open corner enclosure 3-4 and 6-4 points.

Japanese nigiri
Chinese chai1 xian1
English draw the colors of the players before the game

Japanese nige (noun) nigeru (verb)
Chinese tao2
English to escape

Japanese nidan osae
nidan_osae.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is 'nidan osae'.
Chinese lian2 ban1
English a two-step block ('osae')

Japanese nidan
Chinese er4 duan4
English 2 dan

Japanese kogeima shimari kogeima zimari
kogeima_shimari.gifThe kogeima shimari has a weakness at (5,5) in the centre: A white stone at 1 is aiming at the attachments at either [a] or [b].
Chinese xiao3 fei1 shou3 jiao3
English (small knight's enclosure) the 3-4 and 5-3 points, strong towards the corner; weak to the center. the 5-5 (high-point) is a weakness

Japanese keima watari
keima_watari.gifWhite 1 is 'keima watari' (if black [a], white [b] maintains the connection)
Chinese fei1 du4
English knight-move bridge-underneath tesuji, connects seemingly isolated stones

Japanese keima tsugi
keima_tsugi.gifWhite 1, defending the cutting point at [a] is 'keima tsugi'.
Chinese fei1 bu3
English a knight-shape connection a connection using a knight-jump shape

Japanese keima gakari (keima+kakari)
keima_kakari.gifWhite 1 is a 'keima gakari'.
Chinese xiao3 fei1 gua4 (xiao3 mu4) jiao3
English knight's move approach to a 3-4 stone.

Japanese nijubango
Chinese er2 shi2 fan1 qi2
English a twenty-game match

Japanese hana yori dango
Korean sil-sok-eul cha-ri-da
English old japanese saying meaning something like: "fame is nice but cash might be better" ('hana' = flower, 'dango' = 'japanese sweet' and 'yori' = 'than')

Japanese gyaku yose
Chinese ni4 xian1 shou3
Korean him-deun jong-ban-jeon
English reverse 'sente' ('gote' endgame play where opponent would be 'sente')

Japanese guru guru mawashi
guru_guru_mawashi.gifWhat will happen after white "A"? Continuation: see 'dango'. Final result: see 'shicho'.
Chinese lian2 huan2 zheng1 zi3
Korean dol-dol mal-ri-da
English capturing an enemy chain using the following combination of techniques: 1. stone sacrifice(s) 2. squeeze 3. ladder during this chasing process the enemy chain typically gets heavy in the process.

Japanese chosei
chosei.gifImagine the following sequence of moves: (1) Black plays "A", threatening to kill white by playing "B", (2) White defends by playing at "B" himself, (3) Black captures those two white stones, (4) White recaptures at (d,1). This sequence would give exactly the same position we had before, making this position 'chosei'. This game would become 'no result' according to the "Japanese rules of Go".
Chinese chang2 sheng1
Korean wan-saeng
English eternal life, part of the rules of japanese go
WWWchosei

Japanese ashi ga hayai
ashi_ga_hayai.gifA typical 'ashi ga hayai' opening movement.
English one can run quickly

advertisements

www.kostenlosspielen.biz

Searching

You can search the dictionary right now using the form below. Select the languages, categories, enter a keyword, and press the search button.

Languages Extra's Categories
Query
All entries

(use quotes to search for phrases)

Quick index

a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
About Intergo

InterGo is a nine-language Go dictionary. This project has had many participants over the years. Fetch the latest version of intergo.tgz (or intergo.zip) and please read the README file for details on how you can participate in this project.

Finally, if you're looking for translations of Japanese Go terms please try the Japanese Go Dictionary.

home | sgf2misc | japanese dictionary | go world

home > online services > the internet go dictionary

Feedback: editor@gobase.org