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Japanese tagai sen
Chinese hu4 xian1
English even --- alternating black and white

Japanese sente
Chinese xian1 shou3
English free to play elsewhere

Japanese sen
Chinese hei1
English black

Japanese mannen ko
Chinese wan4 nian2 jie2
English "ten-thousend"-year ko a ko which both players are reluctant to fight since they will stake too much while doing so

Japanese joseki
Chinese ding4 shi2 ding4 shi4
Korean jungsuk
English (established stones) standardized local exchange of moves known sequences of moves often near the corner which result in a near equal position for both sides
Proverbs
When you study joseki, you lose two stones in strength.
A meijin needs no joseki.
Go is essentially a form of harmony. Go in the 21st century will have to be go of the 'harmony of the six points - the four quarters, the above and the below.' As in life we will need to view the whole rather than the part. Japanese go has focused too heavily on the local (joseki) rather than the whole for 300 years. The reason the Chinese and Koreans are overtaking the Japanese is that they are closer to achieving this whole-board view. --- Go Seigen, 9 dan pro, 1994.

Japanese fuseki
Chinese bu4 ju2, kai1 ju2
Korean posuk
English opening
Proverbs
Keep sente in the opening. A premature attack loses sente.
Corner, side, centre.

Japanese biraki hiraki
hiraki.gifWhite [a]-[f] are all biraki/hiraki of the white stone A sensible choice between these moves will be affected by the right side situation
Chinese chai1
English extension

Japanese ate atari
ate.gifBlack 1 gives atari. The white stone now is in atari.
Chinese jiao4 chi1
English check
Proverbs
Atari, atari is vulgar play.
Keep inessential ataris till the end.

Japanese yurumi shicho
yurumi_shicho.gifThis position arose from a 'hoshi joseki' and it is black's move. If black defends his cutting stones with 1, white can capture them using the 'yurumi shicho' and 'geta' technique. (Please note that this sequence works since white 6 and 8 are 'sente'.) The correct 'joseki' move therefore is one point above [3].
English loose ladder

Japanese tagei sen no fuseki

Japanese sen ni sen
Chinese xian1 er4 xian1
English alternating black-two stones, with this game on black

Japanese sensei
Chinese lao3 shi1, shi1 fu4
Korean sa-bum
English literally 'teacher' professional go players are usually referred to as sensei

Japanese sen ni
Chinese xian1 er4
English alternating between black and two stones (the handicap for a four-dan difference)

Japanese sen ban
Chinese xian1 fan1, xian1 zhou3
English playing on black (when the handicap is even)

Japanese sen ai sen
Chinese xian1 xiang4 xian1
English black-black-white (the handicap for a 1-dan difference)

Japanese ryo sente
ryo_sente.gifBoth black [a] or white [b] is 'sente', so the situation is 'ryo sente'
Chinese shuang1 fan1 xian1 shou3
English double sente, an (endgame) situation which is sente for both players

Japanese ori kiri (noun) ori kiru (verb) sagari kiri (noun) sagari kiru (verb)
ori_kiri.gifWhite 1 is 'ori kiru'. Actually, in this situation it also kills the black group, but please note that this is not the essence of this kind of move.
Chinese xia4 li4
English a descending move while finishing the shape

Japanese oki
oki.gifWhite 1 is 'oki'. In this example it means the death of the black group, but please note that this is not the essence of this move.
Chinese dian3
English placement (a stone placed inside an opponent's group)

Japanese kirikomi
kirikomi.gifWhite 1 (black 2, white 3) is 'kirikomi', meant as a sacrifice promising white various 'sente' moves in the area.
Chinese duan4 ru4
English a cut inside the enemy territory, normally it will imply a sacrifice

Japanese kibishii
Chinese yan2 li4
English severe (in the sense of: no compromise)

Japanese josen
Chinese chang2 xian1
English black in all games (the handicap for a 2-dan difference)

Japanese gyaku yose
Chinese ni4 xian1 shou3
Korean him-deun jong-ban-jeon
English reverse 'sente' ('gote' endgame play where opponent would be 'sente')

Japanese gote no sente
Korean hoo-su-eoi seon-soo
English temporary it is 'gote' but the follow up is servere 'sente'

Japanese choushi
English rhythm; pros and future pros seem to have good 'choushi' instinctively. it is, in its effect, rather like good timing in the sense that top pros in physical sports always seem to have more time to do whatever they're doing on the ball. it is a good candidate for those words that some people argue are better off borrowed straight from japanese. (john fairbairn)

Japanese shita hane
shita_hane.gifWhite just entered blacks position. Black's possible answer could be [a] (hane dashi) or 1 (shita hane).
Chinese xia4 ban1
English hane underneath

Japanese nidan bane (nidan+hane)
Chinese lian2 ban1
English two-step hane

Japanese hane kiri
Chinese ban1 duan4
English hane and then cross-cut

Japanese chuban
Chinese zhong1 pan2
Korean jungban
English middle game

Japanese botsugi
botsugi.gifBlack [a] (botsugi) prevents white from cutting him there
Chinese lian2 (bang4)
English solid connection of an ikken tobi

Japanese bane hane
hane.gifWe are in the middle of a 'komoku joseki' (black to move) Black can raise his low position by playing at 1 ('hane')
Chinese ban1
English a move on top of an enemy chain
Proverbs
Hane? Extend! Make it a habit.
There is death in the hane.
At the head of two stones in a row, play hane.
At the head of three stones in a row, play hane.

Japanese nidan osae
nidan_osae.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is 'nidan osae'.
Chinese lian2 ban1
English a two-step block ('osae')

Japanese kadoban
English a game which could lead to a change in handicap or the loss of a series

Japanese sanjubango
Chinese san1 shi2 fan1 qi2
English a thirty-game match

Japanese nijubango
Chinese er2 shi2 fan1 qi2
English a twenty-game match

Japanese jubango
Chinese shi2 fan1 qi2
English a ten-game match

Japanese hane komi
hane_komi.gifAfter black 1, white 2 is 'hane komi'.
Chinese ban1 ru4
English a move which combines 'hane' and 'warikomi'

Japanese hane dashi
hane_dashi.gifAfter black 1, white 2 is 'hane dashi'.
Chinese nei4 ban1
English to answer the opponents 'keima tsuke' move with an "inside" 'hane'

Japanese hane tsugi
hane_tsugi.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'hane tsugi'.
Chinese ban1 lian2
English combination of 'hane' and connection.

Japanese hane nobi
hane_nobi.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'hane nobi'.
Chinese ban1 chang2
English combination of 'hane' and extend (from 'hane' stone)

Japanese hane kaeshi
hane_kaeshi.gifAfter black "A" white "B" would be 'hane kaeshi'
Chinese fan3 ban1
English counter 'hane'

Japanese gomoku nakade
gomoku_nakade.gifThe black group is dead when white plays "A"
Chinese hua2 wu3, dao1 ban3 wu3
English dead shape with 5 spaces

Japanese goban
Chinese qi2 pan2
Korean baduk pan
English go board

Japanese fuji te
Chinese feng1 qi2, feng1 zi3
Korean you-il-han bang-beop
English sealed move

Japanese bango
Chinese fan1 qi2 (shi2 fan1 qi2, qi1 fan1 qi2, etc.)
English match consisting of a set number of games

Japanese ban
Chinese pan2
Korean pan
English board

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a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
About Intergo

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Finally, if you're looking for translations of Japanese Go terms please try the Japanese Go Dictionary.

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