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Japanese watari
watari.gifWhite's three stones seem lost but they can be saved with 1. This move sets up two underneath connections: A,B,C or D. Many tesuji involve underneath connections and as illustrated by this example it's a powerful technique. (example taken from The Art of Go, Vol 1 - Connecting Stones)
Chinese du4 guo4; du4 hui2
English underneath connection

Japanese tewari
English a method of analysis in which one changes the order of moves in a sequence and removes superfluous stones in order to evaluate the basic structure

Japanese shinogi
Chinese zhi4 gu1
English technique to deal with weak groups

Japanese shicho
shicho.gif(The continuation of the sequence shown under 'dango') White captures the black stones in shicho.
Chinese zheng1 chi2 zheng1 zi3
Korean chook
English ladder the chinese term gives one the feeling that you have grabbed a goat or ox by the horns and are trying to wrestle the animal to the ground, only to find yourself whipped about. the japanese term means "ladder" because for some reason they feel the shape of the stones suggests that shape, though it looks more like a stairway to me :-). (dr. roy schmidt)
Proverbs
If you don't know ladders, don't play go.
Each step in a ladder is worth 7 points.

Japanese shibori
Chinese gun3 da3
English squeeze

Japanese sabaki
Chinese shan3 dian4 zhan4 shu4 ("lightning strategy")
English flexible shape quick development, technique using light shape for settling a group

Japanese onadare
Chinese da4 xue3 beng1
English name of a joseki (great avalanche)

Japanese nadare
nadare.gifLeft side shows the small 'nadare'. Right side shows the large 'nadare' (also see: 'o nadare').
Chinese xue3 beng1 (ding4 shi4)
Korean boong-sul-hyung noon-sa-tae-hyung
English name of a joseki (avalanche, "snowslide")

Japanese moyo
Chinese muo2 yang4
English territorial framework
Proverbs
Grab the border point between two moyos.
To reduce an opponent's large prospective territory, strike at the shoulder.
In opponents' sphere of influence, avoid sharp conflict, don't move too deep -- Otake Hideo, 9 dan pro

Japanese miai
Chinese jian4 he2
English mutual exchangeable two points which accomplish the same value; if deprived of one, the other must be played. also used in a more general way: "it's miai to connect or to make eyes"

Japanese joseki
Chinese ding4 shi2 ding4 shi4
Korean jungsuk
English (established stones) standardized local exchange of moves known sequences of moves often near the corner which result in a near equal position for both sides
Proverbs
When you study joseki, you lose two stones in strength.
A meijin needs no joseki.
Go is essentially a form of harmony. Go in the 21st century will have to be go of the 'harmony of the six points - the four quarters, the above and the below.' As in life we will need to view the whole rather than the part. Japanese go has focused too heavily on the local (joseki) rather than the whole for 300 years. The reason the Chinese and Koreans are overtaking the Japanese is that they are closer to achieving this whole-board view. --- Go Seigen, 9 dan pro, 1994.

Japanese ji
Chinese shi2 di4
Korean zip
English territory
Proverbs
Always remember, keep the balance (between territory and influence) -- Figaro

Japanese ishi no shita
ishi_no_shita.gifBlack to play and live (white 6 at 4, white 8 at 2, black 9 above 5 (ishi no shita))
Chinese dao4 tuo1 xue1
English (under the stones) name of a tesuji (see tsume go)
Proverbs
Learn to play under the stones.

Japanese ippon michi
Chinese dan1 xing2 dao4 (bi4 ran2 ci4 xu4)
English one-way street, i.e. a forced sequence

Japanese de giri
degiri.gifBlack 1 (de) and black 3 (kiri) cut the white stones.
Chinese chong1 duan4
English a sequence of two moves which push and cut

Japanese dango
dango.gifThe 11 stone black group only have two liberties, a typical 'dango' shape. White [a] next will continue the attack. Initial moves: see 'guru guru mawashi' Final result: see 'shicho'
Chinese yi4 tuan2 (yu1 xing2)
English a solid mass of stones; a very inefficient shape
Proverbs
Don't make dangos.

Japanese atsumi
Chinese hou4 shi4
English thickness strong formation of stones facing the center or facing along a side
Proverbs
Keep away from thickness.
Don't make territory near thickness.
Use a wall to attack, not to make territory.
When your opponent is thick, you must also become thick. -- Otake Hideo, 9 dan pro
There is a thin line between thick and slow. -- jansteen.
Always remember, keep the balance (between territory and influence) -- Figaro

Japanese yurumi shicho
yurumi_shicho.gifThis position arose from a 'hoshi joseki' and it is black's move. If black defends his cutting stones with 1, white can capture them using the 'yurumi shicho' and 'geta' technique. (Please note that this sequence works since white 6 and 8 are 'sente'.) The correct 'joseki' move therefore is one point above [3].
English loose ladder

Japanese tejun
Chinese ci4 xu4, shou3 shun4
English order, sequence

Japanese takefu
take_fu.gifWhite 1 ensures a connection by forming a 'take fu' shape.
Chinese shuang1 ("double")
English bamboo joint, a connection technique
Proverbs
Never try to cut bamboo joints.
There is damezumari at the bamboo joint.
Grab the 4th point of the bamboo joint. -- Bill Taylor

Japanese susoaki
suosuaki.gifBlack's position is open to a white play at 1. Therefore extensions along the bottom are not so valuable for black.
Chinese bian1 shang4 lou4 feng1
English open at the edge. (makes an area low value as it is hard to surround)

Japanese ue tsuke
ue_tsuke.gifBlack 1 is ue tsuke (as opposed to "shita tsuke", underneath attach at "A").
English outside tsuke

Japanese shita tsuke
shita_tsuke.gifBlack 1 is shita tsuke (as opposed to "ue tsuke", outside attach at "A").
Chinese xia4 peng4
English tsuke underneath

Japanese oshi tsubushi
oshi_tsubushi.gifWhite's group is alive since black can not connect the two stones at [a] (due to the suicide rule)
Chinese zhang4 si3 niu2 (a full-stomached cow :-)
English making eye shape by using shortage of liberties to prevent the opponent connecting to make a dead (nakade) shape
WWWoshi tsubushi

Japanese junkan ko
junkan_ko.gifWhile fighting the 'ko' around "A", both players mutually capture two stones inside both groups. Under the Japanese 'ko' rule this could continue endlessly, therefore the special 'junkan ko' rule.
Chinese lian2 huan2 jie2
English a cyclic 'ko', a "no result" according to the "japanese rules of go"

Japanese ikken shimari ikken zimari
ikken_shimari.gifThis 'ikken shimari' is weak along the lower edge: When white has a stone at "A" he can aim at either "B" or "C".
Chinese yi1 jian4 shou3 (xiao3 mu4) jiao3
English the 3-4 and 5-4 points strong to the center, rather weak along the edge due to (7,3).

Japanese guru guru mawashi
guru_guru_mawashi.gifWhat will happen after white "A"? Continuation: see 'dango'. Final result: see 'shicho'.
Chinese lian2 huan2 zheng1 zi3
Korean dol-dol mal-ri-da
English capturing an enemy chain using the following combination of techniques: 1. stone sacrifice(s) 2. squeeze 3. ladder during this chasing process the enemy chain typically gets heavy in the process.

Japanese gaisei
gaisei.gifWhite has 'gaisei', black has 'jitsuri'
Chinese wai4 shi4
English influence (see 'jitsuri')

Japanese chosei
chosei.gifImagine the following sequence of moves: (1) Black plays "A", threatening to kill white by playing "B", (2) White defends by playing at "B" himself, (3) Black captures those two white stones, (4) White recaptures at (d,1). This sequence would give exactly the same position we had before, making this position 'chosei'. This game would become 'no result' according to the "Japanese rules of Go".
Chinese chang2 sheng1
Korean wan-saeng
English eternal life, part of the rules of japanese go
WWWchosei

Japanese choushi
English rhythm; pros and future pros seem to have good 'choushi' instinctively. it is, in its effect, rather like good timing in the sense that top pros in physical sports always seem to have more time to do whatever they're doing on the ball. it is a good candidate for those words that some people argue are better off borrowed straight from japanese. (john fairbairn)

Japanese uchi tsuke
Chinese nei4 peng4
English to attach inside

Japanese tsuke koshi
tsuke_koshi.gifFrom left to right: Black likes to cut white's marked stones. Pushing and cutting (de-giri) gives black bad shape. Starting with tsuke koshi at 1 gives black good shape.
Chinese kua4 duan4
English the proper move to cut a knight jump ('keima')
Proverbs
Strike at the waist of the knight's move.

Japanese tsuke kaeshi
English a counter 'tsuke'

Japanese tsuke giri
Chinese peng4 duan4
English to attach and cut

Japanese tsuke hiki
tsuke_hiki.gifIn both situations black 1 is tsuke and black 3 is hiki. White usually will defend the cutting point at "A" next.
Chinese peng4 tui4
English to attach and pull back

Japanese tsuke
tsuke.gifBlack 1, playing against white's position is 'tsuke'. There can be various reasons to play an attachment: 1. a ko threat 2. a ladder breaker 3. a leaning attack 4. to settle in enemy territory 5. to split enemy positions
Chinese peng4
English to attach to an enemy stone

Japanese tobi tsuke
Chinese tiao4 peng4
English a jump + attachment

Japanese magari tsuke

Japanese kosumi tsuke
kosumi_tsuke.gifBlack 1 is kosumi tsuke, a combination of a kosumi and a tsuke move.
Chinese jian1 ding3
English a diagonal attaching move

Japanese yoko tsuke

Japanese tsuki dashi
tsuke_dashi.gifBlack 1 is 'tsuki dashi.' If white 2 blocks black can cut next, either above or below 2.
Chinese chong1
English pushing in between two enemy stones.

Japanese tsuki atari
tsuke_atari.gifBlack a is an example of 'tsuki atari'.
Chinese ding3 tie1 chang2
English thrusting against to extend against an enemy stone

Japanese tsuke osae
tsuke_osae.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'tsuke osae'
Chinese peng4 dang3
English attach and block. used in 4-4 point joseki to take the corner.

Japanese tsuke nobi joseki
tsuke_nobi_joseki.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'tsuke nobi'. In this case the combination initiates the 'tsuke nobi joseki'.
Chinese kao4 ya1 ding4 shi4
English 4-4 point joseki where you attach against the knight's move approach and extend when they hane

Japanese tsuke nobi
tsuke_nobi.gifBlack's 1 (tsuke) and 3 (nobi) effectively split white's marked stones. White also has to worry about the cutting point at "A".
Chinese peng4 chang2
English attach and extend

Japanese tsuke fukure

Japanese shime tsuke
shime_tsuke.gifWhite's stones at the bottom are sacrificed to be able to "strangle" black with white 1 through 7 ('shibori').
English to strangle

Japanese hasami tsuke
hasami_tsuke.gifWhite 4 is 'hasami tsuke'.
Chinese jia2
English clamp, a move which pincers and attaches

Japanese harazuke hara tsuke
harazuke.gifWhite 1, 'harazuke', ensures white will win the corner fight
English attaching at the belly

Japanese hane dashi
hane_dashi.gifAfter black 1, white 2 is 'hane dashi'.
Chinese nei4 ban1
English to answer the opponents 'keima tsuke' move with an "inside" 'hane'

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a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
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