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Japanese futokoro
English the basic meaning is "bosom". in go the term refers to the space inside a surrounded group that is trying to live. this space may include enemy stones. it is nearly always used in the context of the proverb: "iki wa futokoro o hiroge yo" - to live, broaden your girth. (john fairbairn) capacity for territory

Japanese tsuke koshi
tsuke_koshi.gifFrom left to right: Black likes to cut white's marked stones. Pushing and cutting (de-giri) gives black bad shape. Starting with tsuke koshi at 1 gives black good shape.
Chinese kua4 duan4
English the proper move to cut a knight jump ('keima')
Proverbs
Strike at the waist of the knight's move.

Japanese tsuke hiki
tsuke_hiki.gifIn both situations black 1 is tsuke and black 3 is hiki. White usually will defend the cutting point at "A" next.
Chinese peng4 tui4
English to attach and pull back

Japanese tewari
English a method of analysis in which one changes the order of moves in a sequence and removes superfluous stones in order to evaluate the basic structure

Japanese tenuki
Chinese tuo1 xian1; shou3 ba2
Korean son-pae-ki
English play elsewhere
Proverbs
With less than 15 stones in danger, tenuki.

Japanese shita hane
shita_hane.gifWhite just entered blacks position. Black's possible answer could be [a] (hane dashi) or 1 (shita hane).
Chinese xia4 ban1
English hane underneath

Japanese shiro(i)
Chinese bai2
English white

Japanese sabaki
Chinese shan3 dian4 zhan4 shu4 ("lightning strategy")
English flexible shape quick development, technique using light shape for settling a group

Japanese o ba
Chinese da4 chang3
English big move in the opening stage

Japanese niken taka basami
niken_taka_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] is 'niken taka basami'.
Chinese er4 jian4 gao1 jia2
Korean du-kan-nop-eun-hyup-gong
English two point high pincer

Japanese nidan bane (nidan+hane)
Chinese lian2 ban1
English two-step hane

Japanese modari
English to drop back

Japanese mochi komi
Chinese da3 ru4 shi1 bai4
English failed invasion loss without compensation

Japanese kakae
kakae.gifA (3,4) joseki, black 1 is kakae, firmly capturing the white cutting stone.
Chinese bao4 chi1
English a grasping move

Japanese ji
Chinese shi2 di4
Korean zip
English territory
Proverbs
Always remember, keep the balance (between territory and influence) -- Figaro

Japanese ikken taka basami
ikken_taka_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] are 'ikken taka basami'
Chinese yi1 jian1 gao1 jia2
English one-point high pincer

Japanese ikken basami
ikken_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] is 'ikken basami'
Chinese yi1 jian1 jia2
Korean han-kan-hyup-gong
English one-point pincer

Japanese hiki
Chinese tui4
English pull back

Japanese hane kiri
Chinese ban1 duan4
English hane and then cross-cut

Japanese de
de.gifBlack 1 pushes (de) through the marked white shape. Usually white will block with "A" and black will cut "B". Playing the push without the intention to play the cut is very bad since it strengthens white while black didn't accomplish anything.
Chinese chong1 chu1
English a move which pushes between two enemy stones

Japanese damezumari
Chinese qi4 jin3
English shortage of liberties
Proverbs
There is damezumari at the bamboo joint.

Japanese dame
Chinese bu4 hao3
English bad

Japanese chuban
Chinese zhong1 pan2
Korean jungban
English middle game

Japanese botsugi
botsugi.gifBlack [a] (botsugi) prevents white from cutting him there
Chinese lian2 (bang4)
English solid connection of an ikken tobi

Japanese basami hasami
hasami.gifBlack [a]-[f] are all hasami (or 'basami').
Chinese jia2
English (pincer) a play that attacks by preventing the opponent's extension down either side

Japanese bane hane
hane.gifWe are in the middle of a 'komoku joseki' (black to move) Black can raise his low position by playing at 1 ('hane')
Chinese ban1
English a move on top of an enemy chain
Proverbs
Hane? Extend! Make it a habit.
There is death in the hane.
At the head of two stones in a row, play hane.
At the head of three stones in a row, play hane.

Japanese atsumi
Chinese hou4 shi4
English thickness strong formation of stones facing the center or facing along a side
Proverbs
Keep away from thickness.
Don't make territory near thickness.
Use a wall to attack, not to make territory.
When your opponent is thick, you must also become thick. -- Otake Hideo, 9 dan pro
There is a thin line between thick and slow. -- jansteen.
Always remember, keep the balance (between territory and influence) -- Figaro

Japanese ai
Chinese bai2
Korean baek
English white

Japanese uttegae uttegaeshi
uttegaeshi.gifWhite 1 is uttegaeshi, when black captures this stone white captures three stones by playing again at 1.
Chinese dao4 pu1
English snapback a sacrifice manoeuvre

Japanese tori kaeshi
Chinese fan3 ti2
English capturing back

Japanese tasuki bashio

Japanese takefu
take_fu.gifWhite 1 ensures a connection by forming a 'take fu' shape.
Chinese shuang1 ("double")
English bamboo joint, a connection technique
Proverbs
Never try to cut bamboo joints.
There is damezumari at the bamboo joint.
Grab the 4th point of the bamboo joint. -- Bill Taylor

Japanese shusaku fuseki
shusaku_fuseki.gifThe 'shusaku fuseki' pattern. Black 7 would be considered too slow nowadays (since white receives compensation for the fact that black started the game, usually 5 1/2 point). A modern professional would play around [a].
Chinese xiu4 ce4 liu2 (bu4 ju2)
English fuseki strategy for black based on 3 3-4 points.

Japanese shippai
Chinese shi1 bai4
English failure

Japanese shin fuseki
shin_fuseki.gifA 'shin fuseki' pattern by Go Seigen (against Honinbo Shusai, 1933) White won this game by 2 points.
Chinese xin1 bu4 ju2
English "new fuseki", based on 4-4 points stressing centre. pioneered by go seigen and kitani minoru.

Japanese sen ban
Chinese xian1 fan1, xian1 zhou3
English playing on black (when the handicap is even)

Japanese sebameru
Chinese suo1 xiao3
English to make it narrow

Japanese sangen basami (sangen+hasami)
sangen_basami.gifWhite [a] is 'sangen basami'
Chinese san1 jian4 jia2
English a three point pincer

Japanese sanba garasu
sanba_garasu.gifWhite 1 through 3 form the 'sanba garasu' corner enclosure.
Chinese san1 yu3 niao3, san1 yu3 wu1 ya1
English three crows, a corner enclosure consisting of three diagonal moves

Japanese oshi tsubushi
oshi_tsubushi.gifWhite's group is alive since black can not connect the two stones at [a] (due to the suicide rule)
Chinese zhang4 si3 niu2 (a full-stomached cow :-)
English making eye shape by using shortage of liberties to prevent the opponent connecting to make a dead (nakade) shape
WWWoshi tsubushi

Japanese niken takabasami
niken_takabasami.gifWhite 1 is 'niken takabasami' (two-point high 'basami').
Chinese er4 jian4 jia2
English 2 point high pincer

Japanese nidan osae
nidan_osae.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is 'nidan osae'.
Chinese lian2 ban1
English a two-step block ('osae')

Japanese kimeuchi
Chinese ding4 xing2
English settling (freezing) the shape kobayashi koichi 9 dan, tends to play 'kimeuchi'

Japanese kamae
Chinese gou4 xiang3 (quan2 ju2)
English a global shape (like the 'san rensei', or a 'shimari' + extension)

Japanese kadoban
English a game which could lead to a change in handicap or the loss of a series

Japanese sanjubango
Chinese san1 shi2 fan1 qi2
English a thirty-game match

Japanese nijubango
Chinese er2 shi2 fan1 qi2
English a twenty-game match

Japanese jubango
Chinese shi2 fan1 qi2
English a ten-game match

Japanese hane komi
hane_komi.gifAfter black 1, white 2 is 'hane komi'.
Chinese ban1 ru4
English a move which combines 'hane' and 'warikomi'

Japanese hane dashi
hane_dashi.gifAfter black 1, white 2 is 'hane dashi'.
Chinese nei4 ban1
English to answer the opponents 'keima tsuke' move with an "inside" 'hane'

Japanese hane tsugi
hane_tsugi.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'hane tsugi'.
Chinese ban1 lian2
English combination of 'hane' and connection.

Japanese hane nobi
hane_nobi.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'hane nobi'.
Chinese ban1 chang2
English combination of 'hane' and extend (from 'hane' stone)

Japanese hane kaeshi
hane_kaeshi.gifAfter black "A" white "B" would be 'hane kaeshi'
Chinese fan3 ban1
English counter 'hane'

Japanese gyaku yose
Chinese ni4 xian1 shou3
Korean him-deun jong-ban-jeon
English reverse 'sente' ('gote' endgame play where opponent would be 'sente')

Japanese gukei
Chinese yu2 xing2
Korean eung-hyeong
English bad shape

Japanese gomoku nakade
gomoku_nakade.gifThe black group is dead when white plays "A"
Chinese hua2 wu3, dao1 ban3 wu3
English dead shape with 5 spaces

Japanese goban
Chinese qi2 pan2
Korean baduk pan
English go board

Japanese gambaru
Korean beo-ti-da
English fighting spirit

Japanese fuji te
Chinese feng1 qi2, feng1 zi3
Korean you-il-han bang-beop
English sealed move

Japanese chosei
chosei.gifImagine the following sequence of moves: (1) Black plays "A", threatening to kill white by playing "B", (2) White defends by playing at "B" himself, (3) Black captures those two white stones, (4) White recaptures at (d,1). This sequence would give exactly the same position we had before, making this position 'chosei'. This game would become 'no result' according to the "Japanese rules of Go".
Chinese chang2 sheng1
Korean wan-saeng
English eternal life, part of the rules of japanese go
WWWchosei

Japanese bata bata tesuji
Chinese gun3 da3 bao1 shou1
Korean heol-reong-han soo-dan
English slang for 'oi-otoshi'

Japanese bango
Chinese fan1 qi2 (shi2 fan1 qi2, qi1 fan1 qi2, etc.)
English match consisting of a set number of games

Japanese ban
Chinese pan2
Korean pan
English board

Japanese ashibaya
Chinese zou3 de kuai4
English quick movement

Japanese akushu
Chinese e4 shou3
Korean ak-soo
English bad move

Japanese aji ga warui
Chinese you3 e4 wei4
Korean mat-i na-bbeu-da
English there is bad 'aji' (potential) in the position.

Japanese aji waru
Chinese e4 wei4, huai4 wei4
English bad 'aji' (potential)

Japanese choushi
English rhythm; pros and future pros seem to have good 'choushi' instinctively. it is, in its effect, rather like good timing in the sense that top pros in physical sports always seem to have more time to do whatever they're doing on the ball. it is a good candidate for those words that some people argue are better off borrowed straight from japanese. (john fairbairn)

Japanese aki sankaku
aki_sankaku.gifThe three black stones form an empty triangle (Since there is no stone at [a])
Chinese yu2 san jiao3
Korean bin sam gak
English (empty triangle) shape of the three stones. generally bad shape (see 'guzumi')

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Quick index

a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
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