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Japanese fuji te
Chinese feng1 qi2, feng1 zi3
Korean you-il-han bang-beop
English sealed move

Japanese magari shimoku
magari_shimoku.gifNormally four points in a row form two eyes, except in the corner. The left white group can be killed with A (black B for ko). The right white group is dead since black can create a bend-four anytime. According to Japanese rules the right white group thus is dead.
English bend four in the corner. usually dead shape except under special circumstances.

Japanese futokoro
English the basic meaning is "bosom". in go the term refers to the space inside a surrounded group that is trying to live. this space may include enemy stones. it is nearly always used in the context of the proverb: "iki wa futokoro o hiroge yo" - to live, broaden your girth. (john fairbairn) capacity for territory

Japanese yosumi (noun) yosu miru (verb)
yose_miru.gifBlack 1 asks to white: "do you want the outside or the inside?" White 2 answers: "the inside!" White [a] would answer: "the outside!" Black can adapt his strategy depending on white's answer (thus ensuring optimal efficiency of the stones).
Chinese shi4 ying4 shou3
English move which tests the opponents plans

Japanese yonrensei (yon+rensei)
yonrensei.gifThe opening pattern after either black [a] or [b] is 'yonrensei' It's unimportant where exactly white played on the left side
Chinese si4 lian2 xing1
English four hoshi stones "in a row"

Japanese wariuchi
wariuchi.gifBlack 1 is wariuchi, splitting white's position along the lower edge. When attacked Black 1 can extend to either A or B and thus is safe.
Chinese feng1 duan4
English a wedging move which has room for expansion in either direction

Japanese watari
watari.gifWhite's three stones seem lost but they can be saved with 1. This move sets up two underneath connections: A,B,C or D. Many tesuji involve underneath connections and as illustrated by this example it's a powerful technique. (example taken from The Art of Go, Vol 1 - Connecting Stones)
Chinese du4 guo4; du4 hui2
English underneath connection

Japanese warikomi
warikomi.gifBlack likes to cut off white's marked stone but normal moves don't work. The solution is the warikomi at 1. Black 3 next cuts off the white's stones.
Chinese qian4 ru4
English move between two enemy stones

Japanese uchi magari
uchimagari.gifBlack 1 bends around white's stones towards the edge.
Chinese qu3 jing4
English to bend around inward

Japanese tsume go
tsume_go.gifBlack to play and live (see 'ishi no shita')
Chinese si3 huo4 ti2
English life and dead problem
On the second line six die, eight live.
On the third line, four die, six live.
In the corner, five stones in a row on the third line are alive.
Six eyes in a rectangle are alive.
For rectangular six in the corner, dame is necessary.
The comb formation is alive.
For the comb formation in the corner, dame is necessary.
The carpenter's square becomes ko.
If there is no stone on the handicap point, the carpenter's square is dead.
There is death in the hane.
Strange things happen at the one-two points.
The L group is dead.

Japanese tsuke koshi
tsuke_koshi.gifFrom left to right: Black likes to cut white's marked stones. Pushing and cutting (de-giri) gives black bad shape. Starting with tsuke koshi at 1 gives black good shape.
Chinese kua4 duan4
English the proper move to cut a knight jump ('keima')
Strike at the waist of the knight's move.

Japanese tsuke kaeshi
English a counter 'tsuke'

Japanese tsuke hiki
tsuke_hiki.gifIn both situations black 1 is tsuke and black 3 is hiki. White usually will defend the cutting point at "A" next.
Chinese peng4 tui4
English to attach and pull back

Japanese tsuke
tsuke.gifBlack 1, playing against white's position is 'tsuke'. There can be various reasons to play an attachment: 1. a ko threat 2. a ladder breaker 3. a leaning attack 4. to settle in enemy territory 5. to split enemy positions
Chinese peng4
English to attach to an enemy stone

Japanese kata tsugi
kata_tsugi.gifA (3,4) joseki: White 1, defending the cutting point is 'kata tsugi'.
Chinese shi2 jie1
English solid connection

Japanese tewari
English a method of analysis in which one changes the order of moves in a sequence and removes superfluous stones in order to evaluate the basic structure

Japanese tetchu
tetchu.gifBlack 1 forms the 'tetchu' shape.
Chinese yu4 zhu4
English (steel post) two stones placed in line vertically and near the edge

Japanese tesuji
Chinese shou3 jin1
Korean maek-soo maek-jum
English skillful/efficient move
Learn the eye-stealing tesuji.
Know the eye-stealing tesuji.

Japanese tenuki
Chinese tuo1 xian1; shou3 ba2
Korean son-pae-ki
English play elsewhere
With less than 15 stones in danger, tenuki.

Japanese tengen
Chinese tian1 yuan2
English (10,10) point

Japanese teai
Chinese shou3 he2
English the conditions on which two players play each other, i.e. the handicap

Japanese takamoku
takamoku.gifThe points [a] and [b] are 'takamoku'
Chinese gao1 mu4
English (4,5) point in the corner, emphasis on center

Japanese tagai sen
Chinese hu4 xian1
English even --- alternating black and white

Japanese shita hane
shita_hane.gifWhite just entered blacks position. Black's possible answer could be [a] (hane dashi) or 1 (shita hane).
Chinese xia4 ban1
English hane underneath

Japanese shiro(i)
Chinese bai2
English white

Japanese shinogi
Chinese zhi4 gu1
English technique to deal with weak groups

Japanese shimari
shimari.gifAn example of a shimari: the keima shimari Black [a] instead would have formed the ikken-shimari.
Chinese di4 jiao3; shou3 jiao3
English corner enclosure
5 lines for extension in front of shimari -- Yang Yilun, 7 dan pro.
In the opening, when you don't know what to play, make a shimari. -- jansteen.

Japanese shicho
shicho.gif(The continuation of the sequence shown under 'dango') White captures the black stones in shicho.
Chinese zheng1 chi2 zheng1 zi3
Korean chook
English ladder the chinese term gives one the feeling that you have grabbed a goat or ox by the horns and are trying to wrestle the animal to the ground, only to find yourself whipped about. the japanese term means "ladder" because for some reason they feel the shape of the stones suggests that shape, though it looks more like a stairway to me :-). (dr. roy schmidt)
If you don't know ladders, don't play go.
Each step in a ladder is worth 7 points.

Japanese sente
Chinese xian1 shou3
English free to play elsewhere

Japanese sanrensei (san+rensei)
san_rensei.gifThe opening pattern with the three stones is called sanrensei It's unimportant where exactly white played on the left side
Chinese san1 lian2 xing1
English three hoshi stones in a row

Japanese yongen biraki
biraki4.gifBlack 1 forms a 'yongen biraki' shape. It's called 'yongen biraki' since there are four empty spaces between black's stones.
English four point extension

Japanese sangen biraki
biraki3.gifBlack 1 forms a 'sangen biraki' shape. It's called 'sangen biraki' since there are three empty spaces between black's stones. Black's group has a weakness at "A". Circumstances will determine whether white will ever invade.
Chinese san1 jian4 chai1
English three point extension

Japanese sagari
Chinese xia4 li4
English extending downward

Japanese sabaki
Chinese shan3 dian4 zhan4 shu4 ("lightning strategy")
English flexible shape quick development, technique using light shape for settling a group

Japanese ryo shimari
ryo_shimari.gifThe ryo shimari opening pattern consisting of four shimari Nowadays this kind of play is considered very slow paced
English a special 'fuseki', four 'shimari'

Japanese ponnuki
ponnuki.gifThe ponnuki shape results from a one stone capture with 1.
Chinese kong1 ti2 yi4 zi3
English shape after one stone capture
Pon-nuki is worth thirty points.

Japanese nozoki
Chinese ci4; kui1
English a peeping move which threatens to cut

Japanese nobi
Chinese chang2
English solid extension
Hane? Extend! Make it a habit.
From a cross-cut, extend.

Japanese nirensei (ni+rensei)
nirensei.gifThe opening pattern with the two stones is called nirensei It's unimportant where exactly white played on the left side
Chinese er4 lian2 xing1
English two hoshi stones in a row

Japanese niken biraki
biraki2.gifWhite 1 just attacked black's marked stone. With black 2 ('niken biraki') black gives this group some eye space. It's called 'niken biraki' since there are two empty spaces between black's stones.
Chinese chai1 er4
English two point extension

Japanese nidan bane (nidan+hane)
Chinese lian2 ban1
English two-step hane

Japanese narabi
narabi.gifBlack 1 ('narabi') is a rarely played 'taisha joseki' continuation. The idea behind black 1 is that it makes "A" and "B" 'miai'.
Chinese chai1
English an extension from a single stone

Japanese moyo
Chinese muo2 yang4
English territorial framework
Grab the border point between two moyos.
To reduce an opponent's large prospective territory, strike at the shoulder.
In opponents' sphere of influence, avoid sharp conflict, don't move too deep -- Otake Hideo, 9 dan pro

Japanese mokuhazushi
mokuhazushi.gifThe points [a] and [b] are 'mokuhazushi'.
Chinese mu4 wai4
English (3,5) point in the corner emphasis on quick outside development, not on corner profit usually intended to expand along the side

Japanese mannen ko
Chinese wan4 nian2 jie2
English "ten-thousend"-year ko a ko which both players are reluctant to fight since they will stake too much while doing so

Japanese magari
magari.gifBlack 1 bends around white's stones.
Chinese qu3
English bend around

Japanese korigatachi
English over-concentrated shape

Japanese ko date
Chinese jie2 cai2
English ko treat

Japanese kiri nobi
Chinese duan4 chang2
English cut and extend

Japanese kiai
Chinese gan3 dou4 jing1 shen2
English "fighting spirit" (not quite)

Japanese kikashi
kikashi.gifOn the left: A (4,4) joseki, black [a] next is 'kikashi' (white [b], black [c] and white [d] will follow). On the right: A (5,4) joseki, black [e] next is 'kikashi' (white will connect with [f]).
Chinese bi1 zhao1
English a forcing move usually made outside the main flow of play. often answered, then ignored; to be used later in the game
Grab the shape points as kikashi.

Japanese keshi
keshi.gifWhite's bottom moyo has weak points at [a] (keshi), [b] and [c]
Chinese xiao1, qian3 xiao1
English erasing move
Keshi is worth as much as an invasion!
Be a little patient. Keshi works!
To invade, need 20 points in open area; otherwise, keshi is best. -- Yang Yilun, 7 dan pro.

Japanese kata tsuki
Chinese jian1 chong1
English (shoulder hit) a play on a diagonal of the opponent's stone
To reduce an opponent's large prospective territory, strike at the shoulder.

Japanese kakae
kakae.gifA (3,4) joseki, black 1 is kakae, firmly capturing the white cutting stone.
Chinese bao4 chi1
English a grasping move

Japanese joseki
Chinese ding4 shi2 ding4 shi4
Korean jungsuk
English (established stones) standardized local exchange of moves known sequences of moves often near the corner which result in a near equal position for both sides
When you study joseki, you lose two stones in strength.
A meijin needs no joseki.
Go is essentially a form of harmony. Go in the 21st century will have to be go of the 'harmony of the six points - the four quarters, the above and the below.' As in life we will need to view the whole rather than the part. Japanese go has focused too heavily on the local (joseki) rather than the whole for 300 years. The reason the Chinese and Koreans are overtaking the Japanese is that they are closer to achieving this whole-board view. --- Go Seigen, 9 dan pro, 1994.

Japanese ji
Chinese shi2 di4
Korean zip
English territory
Always remember, keep the balance (between territory and influence) -- Figaro

Japanese itte yose ko
Chinese yi1 qi4 jie2
English one-move approach ko

Japanese ishi no shita
ishi_no_shita.gifBlack to play and live (white 6 at 4, white 8 at 2, black 9 above 5 (ishi no shita))
Chinese dao4 tuo1 xue1
English (under the stones) name of a tesuji (see tsume go)
Learn to play under the stones.

Japanese hoshi
hoshi.gifThe black stones are on the hoshi points in the corner, The white stones are on the hoshi points along the edge, The marked black stone is on the hoshi point in the center.
Chinese xing1 wei4
English star point

Japanese hamete
Chinese qi1 zhao1
English a trick play

Japanese gote
Chinese hou4 shou3
English a move not requiring an answer

Japanese geta
geta.gifIn both positions black can capture the white cutting stones in a geta. On the left with [a], on the right with [b].
Chinese jia1
English net a method of capturing a enemy stone; a net trap. the shape of the stones resembles a wooden clog

Japanese fuseki
Chinese bu4 ju2, kai1 ju2
Korean posuk
English opening
Keep sente in the opening. A premature attack loses sente.
Corner, side, centre.

Japanese de giri
degiri.gifBlack 1 (de) and black 3 (kiri) cut the white stones.
Chinese chong1 duan4
English a sequence of two moves which push and cut

Japanese de
de.gifBlack 1 pushes (de) through the marked white shape. Usually white will block with "A" and black will cut "B". Playing the push without the intention to play the cut is very bad since it strengthens white while black didn't accomplish anything.
Chinese chong1 chu1
English a move which pushes between two enemy stones

Japanese dango
dango.gifThe 11 stone black group only have two liberties, a typical 'dango' shape. White [a] next will continue the attack. Initial moves: see 'guru guru mawashi' Final result: see 'shicho'
Chinese yi4 tuan2 (yu1 xing2)
English a solid mass of stones; a very inefficient shape
Don't make dangos.

Japanese dame
Chinese kong4 mu4; dan1 guan1
English a neutral point, territory for neither; a liberty
Don't play on dame points, but guarantee connections.
For rectangular six in the corner, dame is necessary.
For the comb formation in the corner, dame is necessary.

Japanese choshi ga ii
choshi_ga_ii.gifWhite (Go Seigen) to play. White actually wants to extend along the right edge. By first forcing with 1 through 5, the extension 7 becomes more natural, part of the "flow of moves".
Chinese hao3 jie2 zou4, hao3 diao4 zi
English natural flow of moves

Japanese byo yomi
Chinese du2 miao3
English (literally, "seconds-reading" in japanese, and "reading-seconds" in chinese.) overtime. the time given a player (usually 30 seconds or 60 seconds per move) to complete his move after his clock time has run out

Japanese botsugi
botsugi.gifBlack [a] (botsugi) prevents white from cutting him there
Chinese lian2 (bang4)
English solid connection of an ikken tobi

Japanese boshi
boshi.gifCho Chikun - Otake Hideo, 7th Meijin title, 29 & 30 September 1982 White attacked black with: 1 (boshi), 2, and 3 (again boshi).
Chinese zhen4
Korean mo-ja-seu-wum
English playing on top of an enemy stone (a capping move)
If your stone is capped, play the knight's move.

Japanese biraki hiraki
hiraki.gifWhite [a]-[f] are all biraki/hiraki of the white stone A sensible choice between these moves will be affected by the right side situation
Chinese chai1
English extension

Japanese basami hasami
hasami.gifBlack [a]-[f] are all hasami (or 'basami').
Chinese jia2
English (pincer) a play that attacks by preventing the opponent's extension down either side

Japanese bane hane
hane.gifWe are in the middle of a 'komoku joseki' (black to move) Black can raise his low position by playing at 1 ('hane')
Chinese ban1
English a move on top of an enemy chain
Hane? Extend! Make it a habit.
There is death in the hane.
At the head of two stones in a row, play hane.
At the head of three stones in a row, play hane.

Japanese atsumi
Chinese hou4 shi4
English thickness strong formation of stones facing the center or facing along a side
Keep away from thickness.
Don't make territory near thickness.
Use a wall to attack, not to make territory.
When your opponent is thick, you must also become thick. -- Otake Hideo, 9 dan pro
There is a thin line between thick and slow. -- jansteen.
Always remember, keep the balance (between territory and influence) -- Figaro

Japanese ate komi
ate_komi.gifWe are in the middle of a 'hoshi joseki' (black to move). Normal continuations at this point are [a] or 1 ('ate komi').
English playing inside an enemy kosumi

Japanese ate atari
ate.gifBlack 1 gives atari. The white stone now is in atari.
Chinese jiao4 chi1
English check
Atari, atari is vulgar play.
Keep inessential ataris till the end.

Japanese aji keshi
aji_keshi.gifA well known position after white invaded hoshi Exchanging black 1 (forcing white 2) is aji keshi since black will loose the option to play [a] (threatening 2)
Chinese xiao1 yu2 wei4
English spoiling possibilities

Japanese aji
Chinese yu2 wei4; jie4 yong4
Korean mat
English possibilities, potential

Japanese ai
Chinese bai2
Korean baek
English white

Japanese yurumi shicho
yurumi_shicho.gifThis position arose from a 'hoshi joseki' and it is black's move. If black defends his cutting stones with 1, white can capture them using the 'yurumi shicho' and 'geta' technique. (Please note that this sequence works since white 6 and 8 are 'sente'.) The correct 'joseki' move therefore is one point above [3].
English loose ladder

Japanese yoten

Japanese uttegae uttegaeshi
uttegaeshi.gifWhite 1 is uttegaeshi, when black captures this stone white captures three stones by playing again at 1.
Chinese dao4 pu1
English snapback a sacrifice manoeuvre

Japanese uchikake
Chinese da3 gua4
English suspending play during a game (it was white's privilege to suspend play on his move)

Japanese tsuki dashi
tsuke_dashi.gifBlack 1 is 'tsuki dashi.' If white 2 blocks black can cut next, either above or below 2.
Chinese chong1
English pushing in between two enemy stones.

Japanese tsuki atari
tsuke_atari.gifBlack a is an example of 'tsuki atari'.
Chinese ding3 tie1 chang2
English thrusting against to extend against an enemy stone

Japanese tsuke osae
tsuke_osae.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'tsuke osae'
Chinese peng4 dang3
English attach and block. used in 4-4 point joseki to take the corner.

Japanese tsuke nobi joseki
tsuke_nobi_joseki.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'tsuke nobi'. In this case the combination initiates the 'tsuke nobi joseki'.
Chinese kao4 ya1 ding4 shi4
English 4-4 point joseki where you attach against the knight's move approach and extend when they hane

Japanese tsuke nobi
tsuke_nobi.gifBlack's 1 (tsuke) and 3 (nobi) effectively split white's marked stones. White also has to worry about the cutting point at "A".
Chinese peng4 chang2
English attach and extend

Japanese tsugi no itte

Japanese ton tesuji

Japanese tochika
tochika.gifThe three white stones form a 'tochika' shape. In this position, an extension to either [a] or [b] would be ideal.
English a pillbox enclosure

Japanese tenkai
Chinese zhan3 kai1
English extension (see hiraki)

Japanese tejun
Chinese ci4 xu4, shou3 shun4
English order, sequence

Japanese teire
Chinese bu3, xiu1 bu3
English repair

Japanese tedomari
English the last meaningful point in the fuseki or in the endgame

Japanese takefu
take_fu.gifWhite 1 ensures a connection by forming a 'take fu' shape.
Chinese shuang1 ("double")
English bamboo joint, a connection technique
Never try to cut bamboo joints.
There is damezumari at the bamboo joint.
Grab the 4th point of the bamboo joint. -- Bill Taylor

Japanese takamoku joseki
takamoku_joseki.gifBlack 1, white 2 initiates a typical 'takamoku joseki'.
Chinese gao1 mu4 ding4 shi4
English joseki following from an initial stone at the 4-5 point

Japanese taisha
taisha.gifWhite 1 initiates the 'taisha joseki'.
Chinese da4 xie2 (ding4 shi4)
English big, name of a joseki

Japanese taisha joseki
taisha_joseki.gifWhite 1 initiates the 'taisha joseki'. (The most complicated variations in this joseki start with 2 through 5).
Chinese da4 xie2 ding4 shi4
English joseki, famous and feared for the amount of variations

Japanese sutero

Japanese susoaki
suosuaki.gifBlack's position is open to a white play at 1. Therefore extensions along the bottom are not so valuable for black.
Chinese bian1 shang4 lou4 feng1
English open at the edge. (makes an area low value as it is hard to surround)

Japanese soto magari
sotomagari.gifBlack 1 bends around white's stones towards the center.
English to bend around outward

Japanese shusaku fuseki
shusaku_fuseki.gifThe 'shusaku fuseki' pattern. Black 7 would be considered too slow nowadays (since white receives compensation for the fact that black started the game, usually 5 1/2 point). A modern professional would play around [a].
Chinese xiu4 ce4 liu2 (bu4 ju2)
English fuseki strategy for black based on 3 3-4 points.

Japanese shobute
Chinese sheng4 fu4 shou3
English do-or-die move

Japanese shin fuseki
shin_fuseki.gifA 'shin fuseki' pattern by Go Seigen (against Honinbo Shusai, 1933) White won this game by 2 points.
Chinese xin1 bu4 ju2
English "new fuseki", based on 4-4 points stressing centre. pioneered by go seigen and kitani minoru.

Japanese shime tsuke
shime_tsuke.gifWhite's stones at the bottom are sacrificed to be able to "strangle" black with white 1 through 7 ('shibori').
English to strangle

Japanese sen ni sen
Chinese xian1 er4 xian1
English alternating black-two stones, with this game on black

Japanese sensei
Chinese lao3 shi1, shi1 fu4
Korean sa-bum
English literally 'teacher' professional go players are usually referred to as sensei

Japanese sen ni
Chinese xian1 er4
English alternating between black and two stones (the handicap for a four-dan difference)

Japanese sen ai sen
Chinese xian1 xiang4 xian1
English black-black-white (the handicap for a 1-dan difference)

Japanese ozaru suberi
ozaru_suberi.gifWhite 1 reduces the black territory by jumping in with a large knight jump ('o-keima').
Chinese da4 fei1 tiao4
English big monkey jump, typical endgame move

Japanese saru suberi
saru_suberi.gifWhite 1 reduces the black territory by jumping in with a knight jump ('keima').
Chinese xiao3 fei1 diao4
English monkey jump, typical endgame move

Japanese sangen basami (sangen+hasami)
sangen_basami.gifWhite [a] is 'sangen basami'
Chinese san1 jian4 jia2
English a three point pincer

Japanese sandan
Chinese san1 duan4
English 3 dan (or 3 step)

Japanese san san fuseki
Chinese san1 san1 bu4 ju2
English fuseki pattern with a stone at 3-3 point

Japanese sanmoku nakade
sanmoku_nakade.gifThe black group is dead when white plays 1
Chinese zhi2 san1
English dead shape with 3 spaces

Japanese sanba garasu
sanba_garasu.gifWhite 1 through 3 form the 'sanba garasu' corner enclosure.
Chinese san1 yu3 niao3, san1 yu3 wu1 ya1
English three crows, a corner enclosure consisting of three diagonal moves

Japanese ryoyoku
ryoyoku.gifThis shape, consisting of a 'keima shimari' plus two extensions is considered a special case of 'ryoyoku' called 'kakuyoku' (cranebird wings).
Chinese liang3 yi4 (zhang1 kai1)
English a double wing

Japanese ryo sente
ryo_sente.gifBoth black [a] or white [b] is 'sente', so the situation is 'ryo sente'
Chinese shuang1 fan1 xian1 shou3
English double sente, an (endgame) situation which is sente for both players

Japanese ryo ko
ryo_ko.gifWhite is alive with double 'ko', since when black takes the 'ko' at [a], white will take the 'ko' at [b] and visa versa. The funny thing about this situation is that although black can't capture the white group it will give him an unlimited amount of 'ko' threats.
Chinese shuang1 jie2
English double 'ko', a position with two 'ko' fights where only one fight needs to be won

Japanese ryo gote
ryo_gote.gifBoth black [a] or white [b] is 'gote', so the situation is 'ryo gote'
Chinese shuang3 fang1 hou4 shou3
English double gote, an (endgame) situation which is gote for both players

Japanese rokumoku nakade hana roku
rokumoku_nakade.gifThe black group is dead when white plays [a]
Chinese hua1 liu4
English flower-six dead shape with 6 spaces (also known as rabbity six)

Japanese rengo
Chinese lian2 qi2
Korean yeonki
English a team game (the players in each team take turns without consulting each other)

Japanese oshi tsubushi
oshi_tsubushi.gifWhite's group is alive since black can not connect the two stones at [a] (due to the suicide rule)
Chinese zhang4 si3 niu2 (a full-stomached cow :-)
English making eye shape by using shortage of liberties to prevent the opponent connecting to make a dead (nakade) shape
WWWoshi tsubushi

Japanese osae komi
osae_komi.gifWhite 1 is 'osae komi'.
Chinese dang3
English to stop the opponent from moving outward

Japanese ori kiri (noun) ori kiru (verb) sagari kiri (noun) sagari kiru (verb)
ori_kiri.gifWhite 1 is 'ori kiru'. Actually, in this situation it also kills the black group, but please note that this is not the essence of this kind of move.
Chinese xia4 li4
English a descending move while finishing the shape

Japanese oki
oki.gifWhite 1 is 'oki'. In this example it means the death of the black group, but please note that this is not the essence of this move.
Chinese dian3
English placement (a stone placed inside an opponent's group)

Japanese oi-otoshi
oi-otoshi.gifAfter throwing in twice with white 1 and 3, white ensures live by connecting at 5. Black can not save all his stones.
Chinese jie1 bu4 gui1
English a method to capture where stones are sacrificed to destroy the enemy's eye shape (and use shortage of liberties to prevent connection)

Japanese ogeima shimari ogeima zimari
ogeima_shimari.gifThe ogeima shimari is a light structure: A white stone at [a] for example is aiming at [b] next. A white stone at [c] would enable a follow up at [d] or [e].
Chinese dai4 fei1 shou3 jiao3
English the (3,4) and (6,3) points; loosley holds corner

Japanese ogeima kakari ogeima gakari
ogeima_kakari.gifWhite [a] is a 'ogeima gakari'
Chinese dai4 fei1 gua4 jiao3
English large knight's move approach to 3-4 stone

Japanese ogeima kake ogeima gake
ogeima_kake.gifWhite 1 combines the large knight jump ('ogeima') and a cover ('kake').
English a move which combines the large knight jump with a "cover"

Japanese nobi kiri
nobi_kiri.gifWhite 1 is 'nobi kiri'.
English extension which finishes the shape

Japanese nobi dashi
English an extension towards the center

Japanese niken takabasami
niken_takabasami.gifWhite 1 is 'niken takabasami' (two-point high 'basami').
Chinese er4 jian4 jia2
English 2 point high pincer

Japanese nidan osae
nidan_osae.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is 'nidan osae'.
Chinese lian2 ban1
English a two-step block ('osae')

Japanese myoshu
Chinese miao4 shou3 (!!!)
English an exquisite/brilliant move. sakata eio is said to be the inventor of such moves.

Japanese kogeima shimari kogeima zimari
kogeima_shimari.gifThe kogeima shimari has a weakness at (5,5) in the centre: A white stone at 1 is aiming at the attachments at either [a] or [b].
Chinese xiao3 fei1 shou3 jiao3
English (small knight's enclosure) the 3-4 and 5-3 points, strong towards the corner; weak to the center. the 5-5 (high-point) is a weakness

Japanese kirikomi
kirikomi.gifWhite 1 (black 2, white 3) is 'kirikomi', meant as a sacrifice promising white various 'sente' moves in the area.
Chinese duan4 ru4
English a cut inside the enemy territory, normally it will imply a sacrifice

Japanese kimeuchi
Chinese ding4 xing2
English settling (freezing) the shape kobayashi koichi 9 dan, tends to play 'kimeuchi'

Japanese kiki (noun) kiku (verb)
kiki.gifWhite [a] is white's privilege ('kiki'), black has to defend at [b]. Because of [a] white can aim at either [c] or [d].
Chinese quan2 li4 (yi4 fang1)
English one side privilege

Japanese keima watari
keima_watari.gifWhite 1 is 'keima watari' (if black [a], white [b] maintains the connection)
Chinese fei1 du4
English knight-move bridge-underneath tesuji, connects seemingly isolated stones

Japanese keima tsugi
keima_tsugi.gifWhite 1, defending the cutting point at [a] is 'keima tsugi'.
Chinese fei1 bu3
English a knight-shape connection a connection using a knight-jump shape

Japanese keima gakari (keima+kakari)
keima_kakari.gifWhite 1 is a 'keima gakari'.
Chinese xiao3 fei1 gua4 (xiao3 mu4) jiao3
English knight's move approach to a 3-4 stone.

Japanese karui
Chinese qing1
English light, i.e. stones with light, flexible shape which can easily be looked after, or stones which have served their purpose and can be discarded without ill effects

Japanese kamo
Chinese "di1 shou3" :-)
English easy opponent (literally, "duck")

Japanese kami tori
kami_tori.gifWhite 1 is 'kami tori' since it captures a stone and weakens the black group at the same time.
English a combination of capture and other damage

Japanese kame no ko
kame_no_ko.gifThe shape after capturing two stones resembles a tortoise shell
Chinese gui1 xing2
English tortoise shell (shape made by the capture of 2 stones)

Japanese kamae
Chinese gou4 xiang3 (quan2 ju2)
English a global shape (like the 'san rensei', or a 'shimari' + extension)

Japanese kakutei ji
Chinese shi2 di4
English secure territory (100%)

Japanese jubango
Chinese shi2 fan1 qi2
English a ten-game match

Japanese jozu
English 7th dan (literally 'skillful')

Japanese jitsuri
jitsuri.gifWhite has 'gaisei', black has 'jitsuri'
Chinese shi2 li4
English visible territory/points (see 'gaisei')

Japanese jingasa nakade
jingasa_nakade.gifThe black group is dead when white plays "A"
Chinese ding1 si4
English dead shape with 4 spaces shaped like a pyramid

Japanese jidori go
Chinese zheng1 di4 (shuang1 fang1)
English both players are territorily aimed

Japanese itte ko itte yose ko
Chinese yi1 shou3 jie2
English one step 'ko'

Japanese ippoji
Chinese yi1 kuai4 di4 (er2 yi3 :-)
English one and only one large territory

Japanese ikken takagakari
ikken_takagakari.gifWhite 1 is 'ikken takagakari'.
Chinese yi1 jian4 di4 (xiao3 mu4) jiao3
English one point high approach move to 3-4 point stone

Japanese ikken shimari ikken zimari
ikken_shimari.gifThis 'ikken shimari' is weak along the lower edge: When white has a stone at "A" he can aim at either "B" or "C".
Chinese yi1 jian4 shou3 (xiao3 mu4) jiao3
English the 3-4 and 5-4 points strong to the center, rather weak along the edge due to (7,3).

Japanese ichigo masu
ichigo_masu.gifThe corner shape resembles the 'ichigo masu' and thus is called like that
Chinese jin1 gui4 jiao3
English an 180ml measure cup, carpenter's square
The carpenter's square becomes ko.
If there is no stone on the handicap point, the carpenter's square is dead.

Japanese horikomi hori komi
Chinese pu1, pu1 jing4
English throw in, a single stone played as a sacrifice (for exmaples please refer to 'oi otoshi' or 'uttegaeshi')

Japanese honte
Chinese ben3 shou3
English proper move in a given situation, although it may appear slow

Japanese hisso no pointo hissoten
Chinese yao4 dian3, ji2 suo3
English keypoint

Japanese hiraki zume
hiraki_zume.gifWhite 1 is 'hirake zume', both an extension of the white position on the left and an opposition of the marked black stone.
Chinese chai1 bi1
English extension + opposition

Japanese suberi hashiri
suberi.gifThe white move at 5 is a 'keima suberi' (or 'hashiri') A white move at "A" would be a 'ogeima suberi' (or 'hashiri').
Chinese jing4, fei1 jing4
English slide, typically with 'keima', or 'ogeima' but not necessarily

Japanese hasami tsuke
hasami_tsuke.gifWhite 4 is 'hasami tsuke'.
Chinese jia2
English clamp, a move which pincers and attaches

Japanese harazuke hara tsuke
harazuke.gifWhite 1, 'harazuke', ensures white will win the corner fight
English attaching at the belly

Japanese hane komi
hane_komi.gifAfter black 1, white 2 is 'hane komi'.
Chinese ban1 ru4
English a move which combines 'hane' and 'warikomi'

Japanese hane dashi
hane_dashi.gifAfter black 1, white 2 is 'hane dashi'.
Chinese nei4 ban1
English to answer the opponents 'keima tsuke' move with an "inside" 'hane'

Japanese hane tsugi
hane_tsugi.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'hane tsugi'.
Chinese ban1 lian2
English combination of 'hane' and connection.

Japanese hane nobi
hane_nobi.gifThe combination white 1 and 3 is called 'hane nobi'.
Chinese ban1 chang2
English combination of 'hane' and extend (from 'hane' stone)

Japanese hane kaeshi
hane_kaeshi.gifAfter black "A" white "B" would be 'hane kaeshi'
Chinese fan3 ban1
English counter 'hane'

Japanese hane age (noun) hane ageru (verb)
hane_age.gifWhite "A" would be 'hane age'
English a special kind of 'hane'

Japanese hana yori dango
Korean sil-sok-eul cha-ri-da
English old japanese saying meaning something like: "fame is nice but cash might be better" ('hana' = flower, 'dango' = 'japanese sweet' and 'yori' = 'than')

Japanese guzumi
guzumi.gifMany empty diagrams in this example, but the one made by whites last move at j6 is 'guzumi'.
Korean bin-sam-gak-eo myo-soo
English an efficient (and thus acceptable) empty triangle (see 'aki san kaku')

Japanese gyaku yose
Chinese ni4 xian1 shou3
Korean him-deun jong-ban-jeon
English reverse 'sente' ('gote' endgame play where opponent would be 'sente')

Japanese guru guru mawashi
guru_guru_mawashi.gifWhat will happen after white "A"? Continuation: see 'dango'. Final result: see 'shicho'.
Chinese lian2 huan2 zheng1 zi3
Korean dol-dol mal-ri-da
English capturing an enemy chain using the following combination of techniques: 1. stone sacrifice(s) 2. squeeze 3. ladder during this chasing process the enemy chain typically gets heavy in the process.

Japanese gote no sente
Korean hoo-su-eoi seon-soo
English temporary it is 'gote' but the follow up is servere 'sente'

Japanese goken biraki
biraki5.gifBlack 1 forms a 'goken biraki' shape. It's called 'goken biraki' since there are five empty spaces between black's stones.
English five point extension

Japanese gomoku nakade
gomoku_nakade.gifThe black group is dead when white plays "A"
Chinese hua2 wu3, dao1 ban3 wu3
English dead shape with 5 spaces

Japanese gacchiri
Chinese yan2 shi2
Korean teun-ten-han mo-yang
English solid

Japanese gaisei
gaisei.gifWhite has 'gaisei', black has 'jitsuri'
Chinese wai4 shi4
English influence (see 'jitsuri')

Japanese fukure fukurami
fukure.gifWhite "A" would be 'fukure' (or 'fukurami')
English swell outward

Japanese eguri
Chinese sou1 geng1
Korean jji-reu-da
English to damage the opponents territory

Japanese damatte tsugi

Japanese chosei
chosei.gifImagine the following sequence of moves: (1) Black plays "A", threatening to kill white by playing "B", (2) White defends by playing at "B" himself, (3) Black captures those two white stones, (4) White recaptures at (d,1). This sequence would give exactly the same position we had before, making this position 'chosei'. This game would become 'no result' according to the "Japanese rules of Go".
Chinese chang2 sheng1
Korean wan-saeng
English eternal life, part of the rules of japanese go

Japanese butsukari
butsukari.gifBlack just played the marked stone, aiming [a]. White [b], defending against this threat, is 'butsukari'.
Chinese ding3
Korean boo-dit-chi-da
English to thrust against an enemy stone

Japanese bata bata tesuji
Chinese gun3 da3 bao1 shou1
Korean heol-reong-han soo-dan
English slang for 'oi-otoshi'

Japanese atsui
Chinese hou4, hou4 shi2
Korean doo-teo-um
English thick, no 'aji' left strong formation of stones facing the center or facing along a side

Japanese ate-tsugi
ate-tsugi.gifWe are in the middle of a 'hoshi joseki'. Two variations starting from here start with 'ate-tsugi': 1. White [a], Black [b], White [c], or 2. White [a], Black [b], White [d]
Chinese da3 (he2) lian2
English the combination of a (single stone) check move and a connection move

Japanese atama ga dete iru
Korean meo-ri-reul nae-mil-da

Japanese appaku
appaku.gifWhite could decide to play [a], black [b], white [c], ... White [a] and [c] would be 'appaku' (pressing).
Chinese bi1
English pressing

Japanese aoru
aoru.gifThis is a position where one could call the white moves: 'aoru'. White is chasing the black stones with 'aoru' movement.
Korean boo-chu-gi-da
English to wave

Japanese ajiwai ga aru
English tasteful

Japanese aji nokori
Chinese liu2 you3 yu2 wei4
Korean mat-i nam-da
English 'aji' (potential) left

Japanese aji ga warui
Chinese you3 e4 wei4
Korean mat-i na-bbeu-da
English there is bad 'aji' (potential) in the position.

Japanese aji ga aru
aji_ga_aru.gifBlack has an impressive potential in the lower part of the board. While thinking about the best way to reduce it, white will realise that he has aji at [a] (to live), and [b] (invasion).
Chinese you3 (yu2) wei4
Korean mat-i it-da
English there is some 'aji' (potential) in the situation.

Japanese aji waru
Chinese e4 wei4, huai4 wei4
English bad 'aji' (potential)

Japanese ago
ago.gifWhite [a] would be called 'ago', the chin of the black stones (but there are many other cases like this where one could say 'ago')
Korean teok
English chin

Japanese amashi
English a strategy for white in no-'komi' games in which he lets the opponent take good points but as compensation takes territory, aiming to 'outlast' the opponent

Japanese choushi
English rhythm; pros and future pros seem to have good 'choushi' instinctively. it is, in its effect, rather like good timing in the sense that top pros in physical sports always seem to have more time to do whatever they're doing on the ball. it is a good candidate for those words that some people argue are better off borrowed straight from japanese. (john fairbairn)


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Quick index

a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
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