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Japanese watari
watari.gifWhite's three stones seem lost but they can be saved with 1. This move sets up two underneath connections: A,B,C or D. Many tesuji involve underneath connections and as illustrated by this example it's a powerful technique. (example taken from The Art of Go, Vol 1 - Connecting Stones)
Chinese du4 guo4; du4 hui2
English underneath connection

Japanese uchi magari
uchimagari.gifBlack 1 bends around white's stones towards the edge.
Chinese qu3 jing4
English to bend around inward

Japanese kata tsugi
kata_tsugi.gifA (3,4) joseki: White 1, defending the cutting point is 'kata tsugi'.
Chinese shi2 jie1
English solid connection

Japanese tobi komi
Chinese tiao4 jing4
English jump inside

Japanese tesuji
Chinese shou3 jin1
Korean maek-soo maek-jum
English skillful/efficient move
Learn the eye-stealing tesuji.
Know the eye-stealing tesuji.

Japanese tane-ishi
Chinese qi2 jin1
English the pivotal stone(s)

Japanese suji
Chinese hao3 shou3
English good style/skillful

Japanese shimari
shimari.gifAn example of a shimari: the keima shimari Black [a] instead would have formed the ikken-shimari.
Chinese di4 jiao3; shou3 jiao3
English corner enclosure
5 lines for extension in front of shimari -- Yang Yilun, 7 dan pro.
In the opening, when you don't know what to play, make a shimari. -- jansteen.

Japanese sashi komi
Chinese ji3
English to stuff in

Japanese sangen biraki
biraki3.gifBlack 1 forms a 'sangen biraki' shape. It's called 'sangen biraki' since there are three empty spaces between black's stones. Black's group has a weakness at "A". Circumstances will determine whether white will ever invade.
Chinese san1 jian4 chai1
English three point extension

Japanese sangen
Chinese san1 jian4
English three point

Japanese niken tobi
niken_tobi.gifThe niken tobi shape
Chinese er4 jian1 diao4
English two point jump

Japanese niken taka basami
niken_taka_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] is 'niken taka basami'.
Chinese er4 jian4 gao1 jia2
Korean du-kan-nop-eun-hyup-gong
English two point high pincer

Japanese niken
Chinese er4 jian4
English two point

Japanese miai
Chinese jian4 he2
English mutual exchangeable two points which accomplish the same value; if deprived of one, the other must be played. also used in a more general way: "it's miai to connect or to make eyes"

Japanese mannen ko
Chinese wan4 nian2 jie2
English "ten-thousend"-year ko a ko which both players are reluctant to fight since they will stake too much while doing so

Japanese kyusho
Chinese ji1 suo3
English the vital point

Japanese kosumi tsuke
kosumi_tsuke.gifBlack 1 is kosumi tsuke, a combination of a kosumi and a tsuke move.
Chinese jian1 ding3
English a diagonal attaching move

Japanese kosumi
kosumi.gifBlack 1 would form the kosumi shape.
Chinese xiao3 jian1
Korean ku-ja ma-nul-mo
English diagonal move
Answer the keima with a kosumi.
The strong player plays straight, the weak diagonally.

Japanese ko date
Chinese jie2 cai2
English ko treat

Japanese ko
ko.gifThe ko shape
Chinese jie2
English repeating fight for one stone
Dead group? Always win ko fights!
If there is a ko inside a semeai, capture it on the final play.
Win the early ko to win the game.
The weak player fears ko, the strong player seeks it. -- Bill Taylor

Japanese kiai
Chinese gan3 dou4 jing1 shen2
English "fighting spirit" (not quite)

Japanese keima tsugi
Chinese fei1 jie1
English knight-shape connection

Japanese kata tsuki
Chinese jian1 chong1
English (shoulder hit) a play on a diagonal of the opponent's stone
To reduce an opponent's large prospective territory, strike at the shoulder.

Japanese kata
Chinese jian1 (jian1 chong1)
English (see kata tsuki)

Japanese kado
Chinese jiao3
English corner

Japanese joseki
Chinese ding4 shi2 ding4 shi4
Korean jungsuk
English (established stones) standardized local exchange of moves known sequences of moves often near the corner which result in a near equal position for both sides
When you study joseki, you lose two stones in strength.
A meijin needs no joseki.
Go is essentially a form of harmony. Go in the 21st century will have to be go of the 'harmony of the six points - the four quarters, the above and the below.' As in life we will need to view the whole rather than the part. Japanese go has focused too heavily on the local (joseki) rather than the whole for 300 years. The reason the Chinese and Koreans are overtaking the Japanese is that they are closer to achieving this whole-board view. --- Go Seigen, 9 dan pro, 1994.

Japanese jingasa
Chinese dou3 li4 (yu2 xing2)
English massif pyramide shape

Japanese ji
Chinese shi2 di4
Korean zip
English territory
Always remember, keep the balance (between territory and influence) -- Figaro

Japanese itte yose ko
Chinese yi1 qi4 jie2
English one-move approach ko

Japanese ishi no shita
ishi_no_shita.gifBlack to play and live (white 6 at 4, white 8 at 2, black 9 above 5 (ishi no shita))
Chinese dao4 tuo1 xue1
English (under the stones) name of a tesuji (see tsume go)
Learn to play under the stones.

Japanese ikken tobi
ikken_tobi.gifThe ikken tobi shape
Chinese yi1 jian4 tiao4
English one-point jump
The strong player plays straight, the weak diagonally.
Ikken tobi is never wrong.
Use the Knight's move to attack, the 1-point jump to defend.

Japanese ikken taka basami
ikken_taka_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] are 'ikken taka basami'
Chinese yi1 jian1 gao1 jia2
English one-point high pincer

Japanese ikken basami
ikken_basami.gifBoth black [a] and [b] is 'ikken basami'
Chinese yi1 jian1 jia2
Korean han-kan-hyup-gong
English one-point pincer

Japanese geta
geta.gifIn both positions black can capture the white cutting stones in a geta. On the left with [a], on the right with [b].
Chinese jia1
English net a method of capturing a enemy stone; a net trap. the shape of the stones resembles a wooden clog

Japanese kakari gakari
kakari.gifBlack [a]-[d] are all 'kakari' (or 'gakari')
Chinese gua4 jiao3
Korean gulchim
English corner approach

Japanese furikawari
Chinese jiao1 huan4
English large exchange, swap, trade
Do not fear furikawari.

Japanese damezumari
Chinese qi4 jin3
English shortage of liberties
There is damezumari at the bamboo joint.

Japanese choshi ga ii
choshi_ga_ii.gifWhite (Go Seigen) to play. White actually wants to extend along the right edge. By first forcing with 1 through 5, the extension 7 becomes more natural, part of the "flow of moves".
Chinese hao3 jie2 zou4, hao3 diao4 zi
English natural flow of moves

Japanese boshi
boshi.gifCho Chikun - Otake Hideo, 7th Meijin title, 29 & 30 September 1982 White attacked black with: 1 (boshi), 2, and 3 (again boshi).
Chinese zhen4
Korean mo-ja-seu-wum
English playing on top of an enemy stone (a capping move)
If your stone is capped, play the knight's move.

Japanese basami hasami
hasami.gifBlack [a]-[f] are all hasami (or 'basami').
Chinese jia2
English (pincer) a play that attacks by preventing the opponent's extension down either side

Japanese ate atari
ate.gifBlack 1 gives atari. The white stone now is in atari.
Chinese jiao4 chi1
English check
Atari, atari is vulgar play.
Keep inessential ataris till the end.

Japanese aji warui
English shape which contains weaknesses

Japanese aji ga ii
Chinese hao3 wei4
English good aji (no weaknesses)

Japanese aji keshi
aji_keshi.gifA well known position after white invaded hoshi Exchanging black 1 (forcing white 2) is aji keshi since black will loose the option to play [a] (threatening 2)
Chinese xiao1 yu2 wei4
English spoiling possibilities

Japanese aji karai
Chinese wu2 er4 wei4
English shape free of weaknesses

Japanese aji
Chinese yu2 wei4; jie4 yong4
Korean mat
English possibilities, potential

Japanese zoko suji

Japanese yomi suji

Japanese usu aji

Japanese uchikomu
Chinese 1. da3 ru4 2. da3 ru4 (jiang4 ji2)
English 1. to invade 2. to force an opponent to take a handicap (or force him to a higher handicap) by taking a lead of four games (six games at the beginning of the edo period)

Japanese ton tesuji

Japanese son ko
Chinese sun3 jie2
English ko threat which loses points

Japanese seri ai
Chinese jing4 zheng1
English dead heat (close competition)

Japanese seimoku
Chinese rang4 jiu3 zi3
English nine stones handicap

Japanese seikai
Chinese zheng4 jie3
English correct answer

Japanese sankaku
Chinese san1 jiao3, san1 jiao3 xing2
English triangle

Japanese sangen basami (sangen+hasami)
sangen_basami.gifWhite [a] is 'sangen basami'
Chinese san1 jian4 jia2
English a three point pincer

Japanese san ko
Chinese san1 jie2 lian2 huan2
English triple 'ko' (causes annulment of game in japanese rules)

Japanese ryoyoku no jin ryoyoku no jinkei
Chinese liang3 yi4 xing2
English double wing formation (see 'ryoyoku')

Japanese ryo ko
ryo_ko.gifWhite is alive with double 'ko', since when black takes the 'ko' at [a], white will take the 'ko' at [b] and visa versa. The funny thing about this situation is that although black can't capture the white group it will give him an unlimited amount of 'ko' threats.
Chinese shuang1 jie2
English double 'ko', a position with two 'ko' fights where only one fight needs to be won

Japanese ryo gakari (ryo+kakari)
ryo_kakari.gifA ryo gakari consisting of a 'keima gakari' at (f,3) and an 'ikken takagakari' at (d,6)
Chinese shuang1 gua4 jiao3
English a double corner approach

Japanese ryo jimari (ryo+shimari)
Chinese shuang1 fei1 shou3 jiao3
English an opening where one (or both) sides has two corner enclosures ('shimari')

Japanese ryo atari
Chinese shuang1 da3, shuang1 jiao4 chi1
English double 'atari', a move which places two (or more) enemy chains in check

Japanese oi-otoshi
oi-otoshi.gifAfter throwing in twice with white 1 and 3, white ensures live by connecting at 5. Black can not save all his stones.
Chinese jie1 bu4 gui1
English a method to capture where stones are sacrificed to destroy the enemy's eye shape (and use shortage of liberties to prevent connection)

Japanese ogeima shimari ogeima zimari
ogeima_shimari.gifThe ogeima shimari is a light structure: A white stone at [a] for example is aiming at [b] next. A white stone at [c] would enable a follow up at [d] or [e].
Chinese dai4 fei1 shou3 jiao3
English the (3,4) and (6,3) points; loosley holds corner

Japanese ogeima kakari ogeima gakari
ogeima_kakari.gifWhite [a] is a 'ogeima gakari'
Chinese dai4 fei1 gua4 jiao3
English large knight's move approach to 3-4 stone

Japanese niken takabasami
niken_takabasami.gifWhite 1 is 'niken takabasami' (two-point high 'basami').
Chinese er4 jian4 jia2
English 2 point high pincer

Japanese niken shimari niken zimari
niken_shimari.gifThe niken shimari
Chinese er4 jian4 shou3 jiao3
English large open corner enclosure 3-4 and 6-4 points.

Japanese kogeima shimari kogeima zimari
kogeima_shimari.gifThe kogeima shimari has a weakness at (5,5) in the centre: A white stone at 1 is aiming at the attachments at either [a] or [b].
Chinese xiao3 fei1 shou3 jiao3
English (small knight's enclosure) the 3-4 and 5-3 points, strong towards the corner; weak to the center. the 5-5 (high-point) is a weakness

Japanese keima watari
keima_watari.gifWhite 1 is 'keima watari' (if black [a], white [b] maintains the connection)
Chinese fei1 du4
English knight-move bridge-underneath tesuji, connects seemingly isolated stones

Japanese keima gakari (keima+kakari)
keima_kakari.gifWhite 1 is a 'keima gakari'.
Chinese xiao3 fei1 gua4 (xiao3 mu4) jiao3
English knight's move approach to a 3-4 stone.

Japanese kata
Chinese jian1
English shoulder

Japanese kakutei ji
Chinese shi2 di4
English secure territory (100%)

Japanese kake me
Chinese jia3 yan3
English false eye

Japanese junkan ko
junkan_ko.gifWhile fighting the 'ko' around "A", both players mutually capture two stones inside both groups. Under the Japanese 'ko' rule this could continue endlessly, therefore the special 'junkan ko' rule.
Chinese lian2 huan2 jie2
English a cyclic 'ko', a "no result" according to the "japanese rules of go"

Japanese jun-meijin
Chinese zun3 ming2 ren2
English 'quasi-meijin', 8th dan, almost meijin strength achieved

Japanese jitsuri
jitsuri.gifWhite has 'gaisei', black has 'jitsuri'
Chinese shi2 li4
English visible territory/points (see 'gaisei')

Japanese jingasa nakade
jingasa_nakade.gifThe black group is dead when white plays "A"
Chinese ding1 si4
English dead shape with 4 spaces shaped like a pyramid

Japanese jigo
Chinese he2 ju2
English tie or drawn game

Japanese jidori go
Chinese zheng1 di4 (shuang1 fang1)
English both players are territorily aimed

Japanese itte ko itte yose ko
Chinese yi1 shou3 jie2
English one step 'ko'

Japanese isoganai
Chinese bu4 ji2
English not urgent

Japanese ippoji
Chinese yi1 kuai4 di4 (er2 yi3 :-)
English one and only one large territory

Japanese ikken takagakari
ikken_takagakari.gifWhite 1 is 'ikken takagakari'.
Chinese yi1 jian4 di4 (xiao3 mu4) jiao3
English one point high approach move to 3-4 point stone

Japanese ikken shimari ikken zimari
ikken_shimari.gifThis 'ikken shimari' is weak along the lower edge: When white has a stone at "A" he can aim at either "B" or "C".
Chinese yi1 jian4 shou3 (xiao3 mu4) jiao3
English the 3-4 and 5-4 points strong to the center, rather weak along the edge due to (7,3).

Japanese ichigo masu
ichigo_masu.gifThe corner shape resembles the 'ichigo masu' and thus is called like that
Chinese jin1 gui4 jiao3
English an 180ml measure cup, carpenter's square
The carpenter's square becomes ko.
If there is no stone on the handicap point, the carpenter's square is dead.

Japanese horikomi hori komi
Chinese pu1, pu1 jing4
English throw in, a single stone played as a sacrifice (for exmaples please refer to 'oi otoshi' or 'uttegaeshi')

Japanese hon ko
Chinese zheng1 jie2
English real 'ko'

Japanese hisso no pointo hissoten
Chinese yao4 dian3, ji2 suo3
English keypoint

Japanese suberi hashiri
suberi.gifThe white move at 5 is a 'keima suberi' (or 'hashiri') A white move at "A" would be a 'ogeima suberi' (or 'hashiri').
Chinese jing4, fei1 jing4
English slide, typically with 'keima', or 'ogeima' but not necessarily

Japanese hasami tsuke
hasami_tsuke.gifWhite 4 is 'hasami tsuke'.
Chinese jia2
English clamp, a move which pincers and attaches

Japanese gaisei
gaisei.gifWhite has 'gaisei', black has 'jitsuri'
Chinese wai4 shi4
English influence (see 'jitsuri')

Japanese fuji te
Chinese feng1 qi2, feng1 zi3
Korean you-il-han bang-beop
English sealed move

Japanese eguri
Chinese sou1 geng1
Korean jji-reu-da
English to damage the opponents territory

Japanese bata bata tesuji
Chinese gun3 da3 bao1 shou1
Korean heol-reong-han soo-dan
English slang for 'oi-otoshi'

Japanese aya
English some possibilities (somehow like 'aji' but used differently)

Japanese atsui
Chinese hou4, hou4 shi2
Korean doo-teo-um
English thick, no 'aji' left strong formation of stones facing the center or facing along a side

Japanese atama o dasu
Chinese "ting3 jing4 zhong1 yuan2" :-)
Korean meo-ri-eo boot-i-da
English to move towards the centre

Japanese ajiwai ga aru
English tasteful

Japanese aji nokori
Chinese liu2 you3 yu2 wei4
Korean mat-i nam-da
English 'aji' (potential) left

Japanese aji ga warui
Chinese you3 e4 wei4
Korean mat-i na-bbeu-da
English there is bad 'aji' (potential) in the position.

Japanese aji ga aru
aji_ga_aru.gifBlack has an impressive potential in the lower part of the board. While thinking about the best way to reduce it, white will realise that he has aji at [a] (to live), and [b] (invasion).
Chinese you3 (yu2) wei4
Korean mat-i it-da
English there is some 'aji' (potential) in the situation.

Japanese aji waru
Chinese e4 wei4, huai4 wei4
English bad 'aji' (potential)

Japanese aki sankaku
aki_sankaku.gifThe three black stones form an empty triangle (Since there is no stone at [a])
Chinese yu2 san jiao3
Korean bin sam gak
English (empty triangle) shape of the three stones. generally bad shape (see 'guzumi')


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a ago, ai, aji, aji ga aru, aji ga ii, aji ga warui, aji karai, aji keshi, aji nokori, aji waru, aji warui, ajiwai ga aru, aki sankaku, akushu, amai, amaii gatachi, amari gatachi, amashi, ana, aoru, appaku, ashi ga hayai, ashibaya, atama ga dete iru, atama o dasu, ate, ate komi, ate-tsugi, atsui, atsumi, aya
b ban, bane, bango, basami, bata bata tesuji, biraki, boshi, botsugi, butsukari, byo yomi
c chosei, choshi ga ii, choushi, chuban
d damatte tsugi, dame, dame, damezumari, dan, dango, de, de giri
e eguri
f fuji te, fukure, furikawari, fuseki, futokoro
g gacchiri, gaisei, gambaru, geta, giri, goban, goken biraki, gomoku nakade, gote, gote no sente, gozen go, gukei, guru guru mawashi, guzumi, gyaku yose
h hai, hamari, hamete, hana yori dango, hana zuke, hanami ko, hane age (noun), hane dashi, hane kaeshi, hane kiri, hane komi, hane nobi, hane tsugi, harazuke, hasami tsuke, haya go, hazama, hazama tobi, hen, henka, hiki, hikkuri kaeshi, hikuri kaeshi, hiraki zume, hisso no pointo, hon ko, honte, horikomi, hoshi, hoshi shita
i ichigo masu, igo, ikasu, iki, ikiru, ikken basami, ikken shimari, ikken taka basami, ikken takagakari, ikken tobi, insei, ippoji, ippon michi, ishi, ishi no shita, isoganai, itte ko, itte yose ko
j ji, jidori go, jigo, jingasa, jingasa nakade, jitsuri, johen, joseki, josen, jozu, jubango, judan, jun-meijin, junkan ko
k kado, kadoban, kahen, kakae, kakari, kake, kake me, kake tsugi, kake-me iki, kakutei ji, kamae, kame no ko, kame no ko no shippo tsuki, kami tori, kamo, kansai kiin (kansai+ki-in), kansho, karai, karami, karui, karui katachi, kata, kata, kata meru, kata tsugi, kata tsuki, katachi, kaya, keima, keima gakari (keima+kakari), keima tsugi, keima tsugi, keima watari, keshi, kiai, kibishii, kidanme, kikasare, kikashi, kiki (noun), kimeuchi, kiri chigae, kiri nobi, kirikomi, kizu, ko, ko date, kogeima, kogeima shimari, komi, komi dashi, komoku, korigatachi, kosumi, kosumi tsuke, kuro, kyusho
m magari, magari shimoku, magari tsuke, mane go, mannen ko, me, me, me ari me nashi, miai, mochi komi, modari, moku, mokuhazushi, moyo, mukai komoku, myoshu
n nadare, nakade, narabi, nidan, nidan bane (nidan+hane), nidan osae, nige (noun), nigiri, nihon kiin (nihon+ki-in), nijubango, niken, niken biraki, niken shimari, niken taka basami, niken takabasami, niken tobi, nirensei (ni+rensei), nobi, nobi dashi, nobi kiri, nobi komi, nozoki, nuki, nuki, nurui
o o ba, odokoro, ogeima, ogeima kakari, ogeima kake, ogeima shimari, oi-otoshi, okashii, oki, oki go, omoi, omoi katachi, onadare, ori kiri (noun), osae, osae komi, osamari (noun), oshi, oshi age (noun), oshi tsubushi, oshiro go, ozaru suberi
p pintsugi, poka, ponnuki
r raku ni, rengo, rokumoku nakade, ryo atari, ryo gakari (ryo+kakari), ryo gote, ryo jimari (ryo+shimari), ryo ko, ryo sente, ryo shimari, ryoyoku, ryoyoku no jin
s sabaki, sagari, sahen, saki, san ko, san san, san san fuseki, sanba garasu, sandan, sangen, sangen basami (sangen+hasami), sangen biraki, sanjubango, sankaku, sanmoku nakade, sanrensei (san+rensei), saru suberi, sashi komi, sebameru, seikai, seimoku, seki, seme (noun), semeai, semedori, sen, sen ai sen, sen ban, sen ni, sen ni sen, sensei, sente, seri ai, shi, shibori, shicho, shicho atari, shimari, shime tsuke, shin fuseki, shinogi, shippai, shiro(i), shita hane, shita hen, shita tsuke, shobute, shodan, shusaku fuseki, sogo, soi, son ko, soto, soto magari, suberi, suji, sumi, suru, susoaki, sutero
t tachi, tagai sen, tagei sen no fuseki, taikyoku, taisha, taisha joseki, taka, takamoku, takamoku joseki, takefu, tane-ishi, tasuki bashio, tasuki fuseki, tasuki fuseki, tasuki hoshi, teai, tedomari, teire, tejun, tengen, tenkai, tenuki, tesuji, tetchu, tewari, tobi, tobi dashi, tobi komi, tobi magari, tobi tsuke, tochika, ton, ton tesuji, torazu san moku, tori, tori kaeshi, tozen, tsugi, tsugi no itte, tsuke, tsuke fukure, tsuke giri, tsuke hiki, tsuke kaeshi, tsuke koshi, tsuke nobi, tsuke nobi joseki, tsuke osae, tsuki atari, tsuki dashi, tsuki to suppon, tsume, tsume go, tsuppari
u uchi, uchi kake, uchi magari, uchi sugi, uchi tsuke, uchikake, uchikiru, uchikomi, uchikomu, uchuryu, ue tsuke, uhen, uki ishi, usu aji, usui, usumi, uttegae, uwa hane
w wakare, warikomi, wariuchi, warui, watari
y yodan, yoko tsuke, yomi suji, yon ken, yongen, yongen biraki, yonmoku nakade, yonrensei (yon+rensei), yorumi, yose, yosumi (noun), yoten, yowai, yozu, yumi, yurumi shicho
z zettai, zoko suji
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